The researchers theorized that depression was more severe in the women taking SSRIs; they noted that no causal relationship
was found between SSRIs and a higher risk of stroke and cautioned that women taking these medications should not stop taking them.
The court noted that the sufficiency of an expert report must be determined by whether or not the report meets the following criteria regarding: (1) applicable standards of care, (2) the manner in which the care rendered failed to meet the standards, and (3) the causal relationship
between that failure and the injury, harm, or damages claimed.
Reports of pancreatitis tied to Byetta have hurt the drug, but the company said that no causal relationship
between Byetta and pancreatitis has been proved to date.
Depictions of cigarette smoking are pervasive in movies, occurring in three-quarters or more of contemporary box office hits, the NCI report said, adding that the weight of evidence indicates a causal relationship
between exposure to depictions of smoking in movies and youth smoking initiation.
Sufficient evidence now exists to infer a causal relationship
between secondhand smoke exposure and lung cancer in lifetime nonsmokers--a conclusion that extended to all secondhand smoke exposure, regardless of location.
1) Data were examined by five-year age-group and by length of time since insertion, and the results uniformly failed to support a causal relationship
between use of the IUD and breast cancer.
Cox and colleagues may maintain that there is no "proof of a causal relationship
," but the relationship is sufficiently strong, temporally restricted, biologically plausible, and coherent to convince disinterested observers, including Judge Davidson and ourselves, otherwise.
21) It is still difficult to prove a causal relationship
between migraine and any of the transient symptoms that may accompany it.
Long ago Erwin Panofsky wrote about the relationship between art and science in the Renaissance, proposing a causal relationship
between the rise of modern science and pictorial illusionism, which Renaissance artists achieved through linear perspective.
Yet, as the Rocky Mountain News has observed, that very study "also worried about the lack of good epidemiological studies that show a causal relationship
between 'lower concentrations' of arsenic and cancer.
A substantial causal relationship
must exist for an exemption.
This further leads to the examinations of causal relationship
between the two variables.