cavitation

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Related to Cavitation inception: cavitation erosion, Cavitation number, cavitation damage

cav·i·ta·tion

 (kăv′ĭ-tā′shən)
n.
1. The sudden formation and collapse of low-pressure bubbles in liquids by means of mechanical forces, such as those resulting from rotation of a marine propeller.
2. The pitting of a solid surface.
3. Medicine The formation of cavities in a body tissue or an organ, especially those formed in the lung as a result of tuberculosis.

[From cavity.]

cav′i·tate′ v.

cavitation

(ˌkævɪˈteɪʃən)
n
1. (General Physics) the formation of vapour- or gas-filled cavities in a flowing liquid when tensile stress is superimposed on the ambient pressure
2. the formation of cavities in a structure

cav•i•ta•tion

(ˌkæv ɪˈteɪ ʃən)

n.
1. the rapid formation and collapse of vapor pockets in a flowing liquid in regions of very low pressure, often causing structural damage to propellers, pumps, etc.
2. the formation of cavities, esp in a part of the body.
[1890–95; cavit (y) + -ation]
cav′i•tate`, v.t., v.i. -tat•ed, -tat•ing.

cav·i·ta·tion

(kăv′ĭ-tā′shən)
The sudden formation and bursting of bubbles in a liquid caused by mechanical forces, such as the moving blades of a ship's propeller.
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
The author has organized the main body of his text in seven chapters devoted to a review of cavitation nuclei, experimental methods, cavitation inception in separating oil flows, and other related subjects.
Abdel-Maksoud, "Prediction of tip vortex cavitation inception on marine propellers at an early design stage," in 7th International Symposium on Cavitation, Michigan-USA, 2009, pp.
1981), Cavitation Inception in Spool Valves, Journal Fluids Engineering, ASME, Vol 103 (4), pp564-576, ISSN: 00982-202.