Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka

Sri Lan·ka

 (srē läng′kə, shrē) Formerly Cey·lon (sĭ-lŏn′, sā-)
An island country in the Indian Ocean off southeast India. Inhabited originally by the Vedda, the island was later invaded by the Sinhalese (6th century bc) and the Tamil (10th century ad). The island's lucrative spice trade was controlled from the 12th century onward by the Arabs, Portuguese, Dutch, and British. Ceylon became a British colony in 1802 and achieved independence in 1948. In 1972 the island was declared a republic, adopting the Sinhalese name of Sri Lanka. A civil war between the government and Tamil separatists began in 1983 and ended in 2009 with the defeat of the Tamil army. Colombo is the capital and the largest city.

Sri Lan′kan adj. & n.

Sri Lanka

(ˌsriː ˈlæŋkə)
n
(Placename) a republic in S Asia, occupying the island of Ceylon: settled by the Sinhalese from S India in about 550 bc; became a British colony 1802; gained independence in 1948, becoming a republic within the Commonwealth in 1972. Exports include tea, cocoa, cinnamon, and copra. Official languages: Sinhalese and Tamil; English is also widely spoken. Religion: Hinayana Buddhist majority. Currency: Sri Lanka rupee. Capital: Colombo (administrative), Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative). Parts of the coast suffered badly in the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Pop: 21 675 648 (2013 est). Area: 65 610 sq km (25 332 sq miles). Official name (since 1978): Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Former name (until 1972): Ceylon

Sri Lan•ka

(ˌsri ˈlɑŋ kə, ˈlæŋ kə, ˌʃri)
n.
an island republic in the Indian Ocean, S of India: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 19,144,875; 25,332 sq. mi. (65,609 sq. km). Cap.: Colombo. Formerly, Ceylon.
Sri` Lan′kan, adj., n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Sri Lanka - a republic on the island of CeylonSri Lanka - a republic on the island of Ceylon; became independent of the United Kingdom in 1948
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, LTTE, Tamil Tigers, Tigers, World Tamil Association, World Tamil Movement - a terrorist organization in Sri Lanka that began in 1970 as a student protest over the limited university access for Tamil students; currently seeks to establish an independent Tamil state called Eelam; relies on guerilla strategy including terrorist tactics that target key government and military personnel; "the Tamil Tigers perfected suicide bombing as a weapon of war"
Hindooism, Hinduism - the religion of most people in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal
capital of Sri Lanka, Colombo - the capital and largest city of Sri Lanka; has one of the largest harbors in the world; is located on the western coast of the island of Ceylon
Kandy - a city of central Sri Lanka that was the last capital of the ancient kings of Ceylon; a resort and religious center
Eelam, Tamil Eelam - the independent state that the Tamil Tigers have fought for
Adam's Peak, Samanala - a mountain peak in south central Sri Lanka (7,360 feet high)
Singhalese, Sinhalese - a native or inhabitant of Sri Lanka
Sri Lankan - a native or inhabitant of Sri Lanka
Translations
Sri Lanka
Srí Lanka
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
श्रीलंका
Šri Lanka
Srí Lanka
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
スリランカ
스리랑카
Sri LankaSri Lanca
Sri Lanca
Šri LankaШри Ланка
Sri Lanka
ประเทศศรีลังกา
nước Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

[ˌsriːˈlæŋkə] NSri Lanka m

Sri Lanka

[sriːˈlæŋkə] nSri Lanka m

Sri Lanka

nSri Lanka nt

Sri Lanka

[ˈsrɪˈlæŋkə] nlo Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka

سِرِّي لَانْكَا Srí Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Σρι Λάνκα Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Šri Lanka Sri Lanka スリランカ 스리랑카 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Шри-Ланка Sri Lanka ประเทศศรีลังกา Sri Lanka nước Sri Lanka 斯里兰卡
References in classic literature ?
The King of Ceilan rode through his city with a large ruby in his hand, as the ceremony of his coronation.
Su rastro se pierde en un barco que deja el puerto de Colombo, en Wellawatta, Ceilan, donde queda el consul Neruda quien pronto sera trasladado a Singapur y Batavia.
En Benares anima una escuela de lucha y en Ceilan se dedica al comercio de infusiones.
Las dos primeras obras claramente estan inspiradas en el Nuevo Orbis y la tercera, que a pesar de estar situada en la isla de Ceilan, tiene las caracteristicas de sus acciones en el pedazo de tierra colombino (1).
A ello habria que sumar, durante el periodo de la union de las coronas ibericas, las posesiones portuguesas en Melaka, Formosa, Ceilan, entre otras.
En octubre de 1949 se llevaron a cabo las masacres y persecuciones liberales de Trujillo, Riofrio, Ceilan, Bolivar, Barragan, Vijes y Yotoco; meses atras, cuando Borrero Olano no era todavia gobernador, visito a "El Condor" en Tulua, en compania del doctor Ramirez Moreno, para legitimar su jefatura de muerte, ganada enfermizamente el 9 de abril con armas, dinero y el respaldo de un sector del Partido Conservador (Betancourt y Garcia, 1990: 126).
Tras casi 29 anos de duras y dificultosas negociaciones que se venian produciendo oficialmente, desde 1920, en 1947, las diocesis meridionales de las iglesias anglicanas de India, Birmania y Ceilan, y la Iglesia Metodista en India del Sur se fusionaron con la South India United Church (Iglesia Unida de India del Sur); esta era la union de varias iglesias misioneras de tradiciones congregacional y presbiterianareformada, del sur de la India, union que tuvo lugar hacia 193019.
En ella, el autor plasma sus experiencias como funcionario del gobierno britanico tras casi una decada de servicio en Ceilan, hoy Sri Lanka.
El problema de la tendencia estructural-funcionalista en la etnografia espanola es que hubo muy poco dialogo y flexibilidad para aceptar que aparecian temas que alteraban su metodologia, con lo cual se opto por no alterar la metodologia y no centrarse en las ambiguedades tal como si hizo Edmund Leach en sus obras tanto en Birmania como en la antigua Ceilan.
Salvo muy pocas excepciones (Ormuz por ejemplo, bajo el dominio eminente de la corona de Portugal, y sobre todo Angola, donde a partir del ultimo tercio del siglo XVI la captura de esclavos en el hinterland llevo a emprender la guerra contra el reino de Ndongo y a establecer presidios como el de Ambaca), los espacios de implantacion portuguesa son plazas donde predominan los contratos comerciales (por ejemplo en Ceilan, en la costa swahili, o en las ciudades mercantiles de Tete y Sena en el Monomotapa .