lysis

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Related to Cell lysate: lysis, lysing

ly·sis

 (lī′sĭs)
n. pl. ly·ses (-sēz)
1. Biochemistry The dissolution or destruction of cells, such as blood cells or bacteria, as by the action of a specific lysin that disrupts the cell membrane.
2. Medicine The gradual subsiding of the symptoms of an acute disease.

[New Latin, from Latin, a loosening, from Greek lusis, from lūein, to loosen; see leu- in Indo-European roots.]

lysis

(ˈlaɪsɪs)
n, pl -ses (-siːz)
1. (Biochemistry) the destruction or dissolution of cells by the action of a particular lysin
2. (Medicine) med the gradual reduction in severity of the symptoms of a disease
[C19: New Latin, from Greek, from luein to release]

ly•sis

(ˈlaɪ sɪs)

n.
1. the dissolution or destruction of cells by lysins.
2. the gradual recession of a disease. Compare crisis (def. 4).
[1815–25; < Greek lýsis a loosening <ly-, variant s. of ly(ein) to loosen]

-lysis

a combining form with the meanings “breakdown,” “decomposition” of or by means of the thing specified by the initial element: cytolysis; hydrolysis; photolysis.
[< Greek; see lysis]

ly·sis

(lī′sĭs)
The disintegration of a cell that results from destruction of the cell membrane by a specific substance, especially an antibody or toxin.

lysis

the decomposition of cells by antibodies called lysins.
See also: Decaying
the destruction of cells by the action of certain lysins. See also health. — lytic, adj.
See also: Cells
the gradual process of a disease, ending in the recovery of the patient. See also cells. — lyterian, lytic, adj.
See also: Health

lysis

The destruction of cells, for example those of bacteria by a bacteriophage.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lysis - recuperation in which the symptoms of an acute disease gradually subside
convalescence, recuperation, recovery - gradual healing (through rest) after sickness or injury
2.lysis - (biochemistry) dissolution or destruction of cells such as blood cells or bacteria
biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
autolysis, self-digestion - lysis of plant or animal tissue by an internal process
bacteriolysis - dissolution or destruction of bacteria
cytolysis - pathological breakdown of cells by the destruction of their outer membrane
dissolution, disintegration - separation into component parts
haematolysis, haemolysis, hematolysis, hemolysis - lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
karyolysis - disintegration and dissolution of a cell nucleus when a cell dies
necrolysis - disintegration and dissolution of dead tissue
osteolysis - lysis of bone caused by disease or infection or inadequate blood supply
radiolysis - molecular disintegration resulting from radiation
thrombolysis - the process of breaking up and dissolving blood clots
Translations

ly·sis

n. lisis.
1. proceso de destrucción o disolución de glóbulos rojos, bacterias o cualquier antígeno por medio de lisina;
2. desaparición gradual de los síntomas de una enfermedad.

lysis

n lisis f; — of adhesions lisis de adherencias
References in periodicals archive ?
Briefly, cholesterol standard solution provided in the kit was appropriately diluted using cell lysate, and 1000 mL of detection reagent was added to react with 50 mL of cholesterol standard or collected supernatant.
Quantifying the amount of LDH in the medium from dead cells and dividing the result by the total amount of LDH in the medium and cell lysate in the sample calculated the cell cytotoxicity percentage.
Cell lysate (50 [micro]l) was incubated with 50 [micro]l reaction buffer containing 1 [micro]mol/L Ca074 (a CatB enzymatic activity-specific inhibitor, Calbiochem, USA) for 15 min to irreversibly inhibit CatB.
The assays were carried out with 15-20 [micro]g of protein from each cell lysate and 50 [micro]M substrate with or without 100 [micro]M ATP for 26S proteasome or 20S proteasome activity, respectively, at 37[degrees]C for 60 min incubation.
The EMA and the FDA granted this therapy Orphan Designation: autologous dendritic cells pulsed with allogeneic tumour cell lysate for the treatment of malignant mesothelioma (EU: 16 January 2014 - EU/3/13/1229; FDA US: 06 May 2014).
The lysed sample solution was sonicated for 10-15 sec to remove the viscosity by using an ultrasonicator, and the whole cell lysate was acquired by boiling at 100 [degrees]C for 5 min.
Lane M: prestained protein molecular marker (Thermo Scientific Pierce Prestained Protein MW Marker); Lane 1: sonicated BL21 (DE3) crude cell lysate harboring recombinant plasmid after induction with IPTG; lanes 7 and 8: rPR protein purified by Ni2+-NTA resin column affinity chromatography; Lanes 2-6: E.
The qualitative analysis of conjugates binding with HeLa cells and B cells was checked in cell lysate by ELISA after destroying the endogenous activity of alkaline phosphatase.
Soluble and insoluble protein fractions of the cell lysate were isolated by high-speed centrifugation at 1,200 xg for 20 min at 4[degrees]C.
The cell lysate was then centrifuged at 10,000 x g for 2 minutes and the biotin labelled proteins were isolated from the supernatant using a Neutr-Avidin agarose column.