16) Nonetheless, in common with Irish Anglican appreciations of Celticism
, in Scotland the romantic perception of Celtic Christianity was felt keenly by some of the Glasgow Observer's Catholic poets.
Thus he argues that "Joyce's suspicion of Celticism
in Ulysses, like his suspicion of Catholicism, was an amplification of the basic instincts of the middle-class Irish, rather than a lone-voice rejection of the middle-class's conventional wisdom" (90).
So too, he argues, "the European thing in In Parenthesis containing Catholicism and Celticism
is a concrete approximation of the shape of true unity in diversity.
However, one factor frustrating a Scots Renaissance was the discursive power of Arnoldian Celticism
, an informing principle behind the Celtic Twilight of the late nineteenth, early twentieth century.
Nicola Gordon Bowe writes impressively about the visual representation of Celticism
during the decade.
She also attends closely to the "cultural and historical specificities" of each text and underscores the influence not just of the Gothic but also of magic realism, Celticism
, and Aboriginal and Afro-Caribbean spiritual traditions on the individual workings of haunting and possession.
The concluding essay on race and music is an excellent finish to the book and should be compulsory reading for those who still harbour unexamined racial notions in relation to folk music, including those who trade on the notion of Celticism
Leersen states that "to the extent that 'Celtic' is an idea with a wide and variable application, Celticism
becomes a complex and significant issue in the European history of ideas: the history of what people wanted that term to mean" (3).
They consider Ireland's 19th century, Gustave de Beaumont as Ireland's Alex de Tocqueville, John Stuart Mill, Harriet Martineau, Sir Henry Maine and the survival of the fittest, The Irish Question in Karl Marx's and Friedrich Engel's writings on capitalism and empire, the metaphysical unionism of James Anthony Froude, race theory and the Irish, and Macpherson and Matthew Arnold on Celticism
McNeil focuses on the battle between Macpherson's celticism
and John Pinkerton's theory of lowland priority.
13) Stephanie Barczewski, Myth and National Identity in Nineteenth-Century Britain, 152-53, attributes growing Victorian racialist antipathy towards contemporary Celtic peoples and Celticism
in general in the second half of the nineteenth century (and a consequent impetus to de-Celticize Arthur) to an influx of Irish laborers brought on by the Great Famine of 1845, among other factors.
There were some moments you definitely wouldn't get at a straight jazz gig, such as the hint of New Age Celticism
, when Davis played tin whistle (very effectively), or some Japanese mysticism on a number using the haunting shakuhachi flute.