diabetes insipidus

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Related to Central diabetes insipidus: Desmopressin, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, SIADH

diabetes in·sip·i·dus

A chronic disorder marked by excessive urination and usually intense thirst and dehydration, caused either by insufficient production or release of the pituitary hormone vasopressin or by inability of the kidneys to respond effectively to vasopressin.

[New Latin diabētēs īnsipidus, literally, insipid diabetes (so called because the urine of those suffering from the disease lacks the sweet taste characteristic of diabetes mellitus) : Medieval Latin diabētēs, diabetes; see diabetes + Latin īnsipidus, insipid; see insipid.]

diabetes insipidus

(Pathology) a disorder of the pituitary gland causing excessive thirst and excretion of large quantities of dilute urine
[C18: New Latin, literally: insipid diabetes]

diabe′tes in•sip′i•dus

(ɪnˈsɪp ɪ dəs)
a disorder characterized by increased urine production caused by inadequate secretion of vasopressin by the pituitary gland.
[< New Latin: literally, bland diabetes]

diabetes insipidus

A condition in which, usually, the pituitary in the brain is faulty and the kidneys do not absorb enough water, resulting in a high urine output and intense thirst.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.diabetes insipidus - a rare form of diabetes resulting from a deficiency of vasopressin (the pituitary hormone that regulates the kidneys); characterized by the chronic excretion of large amounts of pale dilute urine which results in dehydration and extreme thirst
diabetes - a polygenic disease characterized by abnormally high glucose levels in the blood; any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
nephrogenic diabetes insipidus - diabetes insipidus caused by a failure of the kidney to respond to normal levels of vasopressin

di·a·be·tes in·sip·i·dus

n. diabetes insípida nefrógena, causada por una deficiencia en el gasto de hormona antidiurética.
References in periodicals archive ?
Basic endocrinology tests revealed anterior pituitary dysfunction (hypothyroidism, hypocorticism, hypogonadism and growth hormone deficiency) and slightly increased serum prolactin level, associated with central diabetes insipidus (Table 1).
Central diabetes insipidus complicating West Nile encephalitis.
However, pituitary imaging failed to visualize posterior pituitary bright spot suggests highly suggestive of central diabetes Insipidus.
After desmopressin use, patients who have central diabetes insipidus will have a >50% increase in urine osmolality, whereas patients who have NDI will have <10% increase in urine osmolality.
The patient became hypotensive and hypothermic and exhibited hypothyroidism; she was subsequently diagnosed with central diabetes insipidus and hypopituitarism.
One other cat had concurrent diabetes mellitus and central diabetes insipidus, while another was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism and hyperparathyroidism.
65-68) Two of these articles reported five HTLV-1 infected patients with central diabetes insipidus (65,66) probably by leukemic infiltration in the hypothalamus, thrombosis or infection in the central nervous system.
Transiente, traumatically induced, central diabetes insipidus in a dog.

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