central nervous system

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central nervous system

n. Abbr. CNS
The portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

central nervous system

n
(Anatomy) the mass of nerve tissue that controls and coordinates the activities of an animal. In vertebrates it consists of the brain and spinal cord. Abbreviation: CNS Compare autonomic nervous system

cen′tral nerv′ous sys`tem


n.
the part of the nervous system comprising the brain and spinal cord.
[1890–95]

central nervous system

In vertebrate animals, the part of the nervous system that consists of the brain and spinal cord. Compare peripheral nervous system.

central nervous system

1. The brain and spinal cord of vertebrates.
2. The brain and spinal cord.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.central nervous system - the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
system - a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts; "the body has a system of organs for digestion"
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
glia, neuroglia - sustentacular tissue that surrounds and supports neurons in the central nervous system; glial and neural cells together compose the tissue of the central nervous system
brain, encephalon - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
substantia alba, white matter - whitish nervous tissue of the CNS consisting of neurons and their myelin sheaths
corticospinal tract, pyramidal motor system, pyramidal tract - any of the important motor nerves on each side of the central nervous system that run from the sensorimotor areas of the cortex through the brainstem to motor neurons of the cranial nerve nuclei and the ventral root of the spinal cord
medulla spinalis, spinal cord - a major part of the central nervous system which conducts sensory and motor nerve impulses to and from the brain; a long tubelike structure extending from the base of the brain through the vertebral canal to the upper lumbar region
Translations
centrální nervová soustava
keskushermosto
sistema nervoso central

central nervous system

nsistema m nervoso centrale
References in periodicals archive ?
With more than three decades of experience in advancing new central nervous system agents into the clinic, John's outstanding scientific leadership will support the advancement of our work in that area.
5 percent) and central nervous system agents (15 percent) were the most common.
Emergency Room Visits for Non-medical Use of Selected Pharmaceuticals (2005) Estimated ER Visits * 598,542 Psychotherapeutic Agents 275,430 * Antidepressants 61,023 * Antipsychotics 37,327 * Sedatives and hypnotics 204,711 * Stimulants 10,616 Central Nervous System Agents 305,973 * Analgesics 264,857 * Anorexiants 1,239 * Anticonvulsants 26,688 * Muscle relaxants 31,757 Respiratory Agents 26,694 * Antihistamines 5,869 * Decongestants 1,287 Cardiovascular Agents 30,246 * Numbers may not add because ER visits frequently involve multiple drugs.

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