cerebellum

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Related to Cerebellar peduncle: cerebral peduncle, middle cerebellar peduncle

cer·e·bel·lum

 (sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
n. pl. cer·e·bel·lums or cer·e·bel·la (-bĕl′ə)
The trilobed structure of the brain, lying posterior to the pons and medulla oblongata and inferior to the occipital lobes of the cerebral hemispheres, that is responsible for the regulation and coordination of complex voluntary muscular movement as well as the maintenance of posture and balance.

[Medieval Latin, from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum, brain; see ker- in Indo-European roots.]

cer′e·bel′lar (-bĕl′ər) adj.

cerebellum

(ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm)
n, pl -lums or -la (-lə)
(Anatomy) one of the major divisions of the vertebrate brain, situated in man above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum, whose function is coordination of voluntary movements and maintenance of bodily equilibrium
[C16: from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum]
ˌcereˈbellar adj

cer•e•bel•lum

(ˌsɛr əˈbɛl əm)

n., pl. -bel•lums, -bel•la (-ˈbɛl ə)
the rounded portion of the brain, directly behind the cerebrum in birds and mammals, that serves mainly to coordinate movement, posture, and balance.
[1555–65; < Latin: brain, diminutive of cerebrum (for formation see castle)]
cer`e•bel′lar, adj.

cer·e·bel·lum

(sĕr′ə-bĕl′əm)
The part of the vertebrate brain that is located below the cerebrum at the rear of the skull and coordinates balance and muscle activity. In humans and other mammals, the cerebellum is made up of two connecting parts, called hemispheres, consisting of a core of white matter surrounded by gray matter.

cerebellum


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The largest part of the hindbrain, sprouting below the back of the cerebrum. It helps produce smoothly controlled and coordinated muscular movements.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate braincerebellum - a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
arteria cerebelli, cerebellar artery - an artery that supplies the cerebellum
neural structure - a structure that is part of the nervous system
cerebellar hemisphere - either of two lateral lobes of the cerebellum
dentate nucleus - a large laminar nucleus of grey matter within the white matter of each cerebral hemisphere
vermis, vermis cerebelli - the narrow central part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres
paleocerebellum - the anterior lobe of the cerebellum which was one of the earliest parts of the hindbrain to develop in mammals
hindbrain, rhombencephalon - the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
Translations
mozeček
pikkuaivot

cerebellum

[ˌserɪˈbeləm] N (cerebellums or cerebella (pl)) [ˌserɪˈbelə]cerebelo m

cerebellum

nKleinhirn nt, → Zerebellum nt (spec)

cerebellum

[ˌsɛrɪˈbɛləm] n (Anat) → cervelletto

cer·e·bel·lum

n. cerebelo, parte posterior del cerebro, centro de coordinación de los movimientos musculares voluntarios.

cerebellum

n cerebelo
References in periodicals archive ?
Wallerian degeneration of the middle cerebellar peduncle after pontine infarction: MR imaging.
His brain MRI showed atrophy of pons, medulla and cerebellum, and high signals in pons and middle cerebellar peduncle with cruciform pontine hyperintensity (hot cross bun sign) on axial T2W image (Figure-1).
MRI brain showing prominent and elongated cerebellar peduncle with dysplastic vermis giving " Molar tooth appearance" (Figure 4).
The HIAs were measured twice, at the level of the cerebral peduncle (CP) and the level of the superior cerebellar peduncle (SCP).
37) have demonstrated that superior cerebellar peduncle atrophy is correlated to onset age, disease duration, and weight of clinical findings.
A head computed tomography (CT) without contrast demonstrated hemorrhage in the region of the inferior right cerebellar peduncle, which appeared intraparenchymal, with extension into the fourth ventricle (Figure 1).
Out of 14 SLE patients who had seizures, 9 had white matter hyperintensities; seven had isolated white matter hyperintensities, one had combination of white matter hyperintensities plus hyperintensities in corpus callosum and right middle cerebellar peduncle, and one patient had combination of white matter hyperintensities and hyperintensities in paramedian cerebellar hemispheres with mild brain atrophy.
atrophy on MRI of putamen, middle cerebellar peduncle, pons, or cerebellum
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain showed signal abnormalities in the pons and left middle cerebellar peduncle on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences, with subtle contrast enhancement on T1-weighted images.
Diffusion tensor tractography confirms the failure of superior cerebellar peduncle decussation.
Midbrain fascicular third cranial nerve palsies Syndrome Signs/characteristics Location of lesion Benedikt Ipsilateral CN III palsy Red nucleus Contralateral extrapyramidal signs Hemitremor/involuntary movements Nothnagel Ipsilateral CN III palsy Fasciculus Superior Cerebellar ataxia cerebellar peduncle Claude Combination of Benedikt and Nothnagel syndromes Weber Ipsilateral CN III palsy Cerebral peduncle Contralateral hemiparesis
Damage to the cerebellum or the inferior cerebellar peduncle causes ataxia.