One concerns the microevolution of the wax palm Ceroxylon
echinulatum Galeano, (Arecaceae) (Trend et al.
It seems more likely that he anticipates the imbrication of raw sensation and "plant geography" experienced by Humboldt in the Andes when, with his feet shredded and his clothes in rags, he was absorbed into the physiology of the waxood palm, ceroxylon
andicola (Michael Dettelbach, "The Stimulations of Travel," in Felix Driver and Luciana Martins, Tropical Visions in an Age of Empire [U of Chicago P, 2005], 45-47).
Iriartea deltoidea, Socratea exorrhiza, Ceroxylon spp.
Resolution 050 has lead to a more specific regulation to control the harvest of leaves of Ceroxylon for ceremonial purposes (Memorandum 001674-08 SCN/DNBAPVS/MA; P.
Palms are often key functional components of ecosystems, and form complex assemblages of different, co-existing growth forms ranging from small shrubs to tall trees (up to 60 m in Ceroxylon quindiuense) and lianas in Desmoncus and Chamaedorea elatior.
An example of this is Mauritiella armata in the Amazon basin and Ceroxylon vogelianum in wet parts of the central Andes in Peru.
Ceroxylon echinulatum: positive effect of selective logging but negative effect of clearcutting; Anthelme et al.
In Ecuador adults of Ceroxylon echinulatum and Attalea colenda resist the abiotic stress caused by deforestation, but seedlings cannot survive and populations in pastures do not regenerate (Borchsenius et al.
In contrast, in the Andes the genera Ceroxylon
, Oenocarpus and Parajubaea were the most important.
Ceroxylon timber is used for construction in Colombia (Alban et al.
The yellow spear leaves or young unfolding leaves of several Ceroxylon species are harvested to produce traditional, religious ornaments for processions on Palm Sunday (Borchsenius et al.
Other palm products ate harvested from isolated palm individuals surviving in pastures or other deforested areas; examples of these include leaf sheath fibers from Aphandra natalia in Ecuador (Borgtoft Pedersen, 1992), leaf fibers from Astrocaryum malybo, fruits from Attalea butyracea, Ceroxylon