It was only in the Ming and Ch'ing
periods, as popular literature became more acceptable and the audience for written versions of these age-old forms grew, that jokes and humorous drama and fiction were conscientiously collected, published and preserved .
It was during the Ming and early Ch'ing
dynasties that brush pots were used by the literary.
Randle Edwards, Ch'ing
Legal Jurisdiction over Foreigners, in TRADITION, supra note 15, at 222-41.
Ch'en, Jerome (1980) State Economic Policies of the Ch'ing
Government, 1840 -1895.
The late-19th century humiliations of a weak and corrupt Ch'ing
dynasty at the hands the West are well known, as are the increasingly unequal treaties and other arrangements that China was forced into.
Gold was also regarded as the key to youth in ancient Chinese medicine, as the queen of the Ch'ing
dynasty used a gold massage roller on her face every day.
Canadian Tracy Dahl's appearance late in Act II, as Chiang Ch'ing
, lit up the stage as she sang "I am the wife of Mao Tse-Tung
During large parts of the Ming and Ch'ing
dynasties, it virtually cut itself off from foreign commerce.
Francisco Cabral, a keystone of the Jesuit presence in the Far East at the end of the sixteenth century, was offered by the Limsitao, or prefect in the city of Chao ch'ing
, 'a piece of white silk cloth, six fans, and four of those maps by Father Matteo [Ricci]'.
The Ming and Ch'ing
li-chia systems of sub-county organization were especially notable as devices for informing the peasantry about the laws and indoctrinating it with the Confucian value system espoused by the state.
only a few minutes daily to perform, was created by Cheng Man Ch'ing
, founder of the first College of Chinese medicine in Taiwan, in the 20th century.
In 1683, the Ch'ing
dynasty ruling mainland China annexed the island to its empire, incorporating it into the province of Fukien.