Known as I-Ho Ch'uan
("Righteous and Harmonious Fists," which Western newspapers shortened to "Boxer") the Manchu government encouraged these rebels to attack foreigners and missionaries in the hope that they might drive them from China, without actually involving the Imperial court.
Kreg M, 1999, Effects of T'ai Chi Ch'uan
Practice, T'ai Chi magazine, August vol (13) no (4)
He is a long-time teacher and T'ai Chi Ch'uan
practitioner—first in New York City and now in upstate New York.
Often shortened to t'ai chi, taiji or tai chi in English usage, T'ai chi ch'uan
or taijiquan is an internal Chinese martial art practiced for both its defense training and its health benefits.
Tai chi, also known as t'ai chi ch'uan
, began as a martial art, but today it's most frequently practiced for its health benefits and meditative properties.
Portamento is to the voice what t'ai chi ch'uan
is to the body: a controlled, fluid exchange of dominance between opposing muscles.
As a form of training, physical exercise has become a focus of great interest for current researchers (Erickson & Kramer, 2009), who have found that physical activities, such as t'ai chi ch'uan
and yoga, are beneficial to cognitive functioning.
See Han-sheng Ch'uan
"The Inflow of American Silver into China from the Late Ming to the Mid-Ch'ing Period," The Journal of the Institute of Chinese Studies of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, vol.
Outside of Vietnam, scholars have also devoted much time to the categorization of kwv txhiaj: Graham (1938:32) listed ten categories of kwv txhiaj which he noted among the Ch'uan
Miao (Hmong) in China (3), Mottin (1980:3-4) outlines twelve he encountered in Laos and Thailand, and Catlin (1981:8) compiled a list of seventeen which she noted among the American-Hmong.
A professional dancer turned top female tai chi instructor after 25 years of martial arts study at the esteemed Master Kai Ying Tung Academy of T'ai Chi Ch'uan
, Bari saw something in my wobbly showgirl kicks (I myself have 13 1/2 years in the back row of The Nutcracker) that led her to take me on as her new little grasshopper.
Wen chi lun ch'uan
[Interpreting the literary ch'i] (esp.
21) "PLAAF Developing KJ-2000, KJ-2 AWACS Simultaneously," Taipei Ch'uan
Fang Wei Tsa-Chih (FBIS CPP20050419000171), April 1, 2005.