In 2004, I worked with a group of men who spoke Tera, on the western fringe of that Chadic language
The Phonologies volume included only one Chadic language
, the well-known and very important Hausa.
The most detailed study to date of an African language in this domain is that of Hellwig (2003) on Goemai, a Chadic language
of Nigeria (see also Hellwig this issue).
This article discusses the semantics and pragmatics of postural, existential and positional verbs occurring in the basic locative construction of Goemai, a West Chadic language
of Central Nigeria.
In looking at Ngizim, a Chadic language
spoken in Potiskum, Nigeria, close to Maiduguri (where Nigerian Arabic is spoken), the word for "ear" has not been borrowed: agud (see Russell G.
Birgit Hellwig discusses "Serial Verb Constructions in Goemai", a West Chadic language
(spoken in Nigeria) with isolating tendencies, in Chapter 3 (pp.
Hausa and the Chadic Language
Family: A Bibliography.
The topics of the papers tend to show the increasing attractiveness of Chadic language
structures for general linguistic discussions in recent theoretical frameworks on syntax.
Schuh in one more study, "The Locus of Pluractional Reduplication in West Chadic" (2002), reveals that in Hausa and a number of other Chadic languages
, reduplication of a root initial syllable is the productive method of forming pluractional verbs.
4; Bhatia 1993: 74-75), it is also found in languages of South America (Cubeo in Morse and Maxwell 1999: 174-177; Emerillon in Rose 2003: 490-492; Wari' in Everett and Kern 1997: 97-98), Papuan languages (Golin in Loughnane 2003; Hatam in Reesink 1999: 128 129: Usan in Reesink 1987: 255: Yimas in Foley 1991: 402-403), languages of the Caucasus (Abkhaz in Hewitt 1987: 38-40: Georgian in Hewitt 1987: 27-28), and Chadic languages
(Lele in Frajzyngier 2001: 405-409, and more generally Frajzyngier 1991, 1996 on de ditto complementizers in Chadic and beyond).
UCLA was to be my academic home for the next five years, enabling me to publish several works on Hausa and Chadic languages
in addition to teaching.
I agree with Newman in rejecting this theory in favor of one of common retention from Proto-Afroasiatic, since many other Chadic languages
also have this construction.