chaperone

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Related to Chaperone protein: GroEL

chap·er·one

or chap·er·on  (shăp′ə-rōn′)
n.
1. A guide or companion whose purpose is to ensure propriety or restrict activity: "to see and feel the rough edges of the society ... without the filter of official chaperones" (Philip Taubman).
2. An older person who attends and supervises a social gathering for young people.
3. A person, especially an older or married woman, who accompanies a young unmarried woman in public.
4. Any of a diverse group of proteins that assist macromolecules, such as proteins and nucleic acids, to assemble and fold into the proper three-dimensional structure as they are being synthesized. Also called molecular chaperone.
tr.v. chaper·oned, chaper·on·ing, chaper·ones
To act as chaperone to or for. See Synonyms at accompany.

[French chaperon, from chaperon, hood (since a respectable person who accompanies a young woman shields her from unwanted advances like a hood), from Old French, diminutive of chape, cape, head covering; see chape.]

chap′er·on′age (-rō′nĭj) n.

chaperone

, chaperon - Chaperone comes from French chaperon, meaning "hood" or "cowl, head covering," which was worn from the 16th century by ladies who served as guides and guardians; chaperon is the standard spelling and chaperone is a variant resulting from pronunciation.
See also related terms for hood.

chaperone


Past participle: chaperoned
Gerund: chaperoning

Imperative
chaperone
chaperone
Present
I chaperone
you chaperone
he/she/it chaperones
we chaperone
you chaperone
they chaperone
Preterite
I chaperoned
you chaperoned
he/she/it chaperoned
we chaperoned
you chaperoned
they chaperoned
Present Continuous
I am chaperoning
you are chaperoning
he/she/it is chaperoning
we are chaperoning
you are chaperoning
they are chaperoning
Present Perfect
I have chaperoned
you have chaperoned
he/she/it has chaperoned
we have chaperoned
you have chaperoned
they have chaperoned
Past Continuous
I was chaperoning
you were chaperoning
he/she/it was chaperoning
we were chaperoning
you were chaperoning
they were chaperoning
Past Perfect
I had chaperoned
you had chaperoned
he/she/it had chaperoned
we had chaperoned
you had chaperoned
they had chaperoned
Future
I will chaperone
you will chaperone
he/she/it will chaperone
we will chaperone
you will chaperone
they will chaperone
Future Perfect
I will have chaperoned
you will have chaperoned
he/she/it will have chaperoned
we will have chaperoned
you will have chaperoned
they will have chaperoned
Future Continuous
I will be chaperoning
you will be chaperoning
he/she/it will be chaperoning
we will be chaperoning
you will be chaperoning
they will be chaperoning
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been chaperoning
you have been chaperoning
he/she/it has been chaperoning
we have been chaperoning
you have been chaperoning
they have been chaperoning
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been chaperoning
you will have been chaperoning
he/she/it will have been chaperoning
we will have been chaperoning
you will have been chaperoning
they will have been chaperoning
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been chaperoning
you had been chaperoning
he/she/it had been chaperoning
we had been chaperoning
you had been chaperoning
they had been chaperoning
Conditional
I would chaperone
you would chaperone
he/she/it would chaperone
we would chaperone
you would chaperone
they would chaperone
Past Conditional
I would have chaperoned
you would have chaperoned
he/she/it would have chaperoned
we would have chaperoned
you would have chaperoned
they would have chaperoned
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.chaperone - one who accompanies and supervises a young woman or gatherings of young people
defender, guardian, protector, shielder - a person who cares for persons or property
den mother - a woman who supervises a den of Cub Scouts
duenna - a woman chaperon
housemother - a woman employed as a chaperon in a residence for young people
Verb1.chaperone - accompany as a chaperone
escort - accompany as an escort; "She asked her older brother to escort her to the ball"
Translations
مُرافِقَه،رَقيبَهيُرافِق
gardedámadělat gardegarde
anstandsdamechaperone
gardedámgardíroz
fylgja og gætavelsæmisvörîur
būti palydovekompanionėpalydovė
pavadītpavadone
garderobiť garde
dadışaperonşaperonluk/dadılık yapmak

chaperone

chaperon [ˈʃæpərəʊn]
nchaperon m
vtchaperonner

chaperone

chaperon [ˈʃæpəˌrəʊn]
1. naccompagnatore/trice

chaperone

(ˈʃӕpərəun) noun
someone, especially an older lady, who accompanies a girl in public.
verb
Their aunt chaperoned the two girls at the ball.
References in periodicals archive ?
sup][6],[7] These sensors serve to promote the expression of chaperone protein, glucose-regulated protein (GRP) 78, to repair misfolded or unfolded proteins, to accelerate ER-associated protein degradation (ERAD),[sup][8] and to aggravate the phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2a.
5S RNA signal recognition particle (RWLH04543), signal recognition particle subunit SRP54 (RWLH01652), protein translocase subunit SecB (RWLH02874), chaperone protein DnaJ (RWLH04040), chaperone protein DnaK (RWLH00991, RWLH04038, RWLH04039), GrpE protein (RWLH01655), chaperonin GroES (RWLH03651) and chaperonin GroEL (RWLH03652).
For example, the attempt of survival is induced by a cell in the case of the heat shock response or the unfolded proteins response leading to activation of chaperone protein that increases the ability of the protein to fold, by counteracting induced stress and so promoting the cell survival.
It is overexpressed in the endoplasmic reticulum where it functions as a chaperone protein assisting in protein folding events (Pfaffenbach and Lee, 2011).
Ganetespib, Synta's lead anti-cancer drug candidate, inhibits the heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) chaperone protein and is being studied in more than 25 clinical trials, including an ongoing Phase 3 trial in advanced non-small cell lung cancer.
But in HER2 breast cancer cells, nelfinavir acts on a chaperone protein called heat shock protein 90, also known as HSP90, which helps stabilize other proteins involved in tumor growth.
Spot 6 with accession number Rv0350 was identified as chaperone protein DnaK (hsp70) and is involved in induction by stress conditions.
The present methods are based upon the surprising discovery that expression or activation of an ER resident chaperone protein in a cell inhibits the generation of thrombin on the surface of the cell.
Frataxin is an iron chaperone protein located in mitochondria.
The binding protein known as FKBP5 is a chaperone protein that modulates the way cortisol works in the brain.