Carlebach's Chasidic background (he was from an aristocratic German Jewish family but was exposed to Chasidism
by his father at an early age in Europe) and his experience as a cantor connected him to a musical tradition that lay a bit beyond the pale of the "folk" as it was emerging on college campuses, in places like Greenwich Village, on labels like Folkways and Vanguard, and in festival settings like Newport, Rhode Island.
His work is influenced by poets Lawrence Ferlingetti and Allen Ginsburg, and Chabad Chasidism
, as well as by the music he enjoys.
did not (and probably could not) satisfy the intellectually-grounded spiritual needs of many educated Russian Jews.
His teacher was Jiri Langer, the man who taught him about Chasidism
taught that d'veikut ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), cleaving to God, was the ultimate goal of religious life, a goal that the tzaddik could achieve directly but that the common person could reach only indirectly through cleaving to the tzaddik.
I had to learn about Chasidism
, about the Jewish High Holy Days.
A most convincing argument for the influence of mystical categories, as mediated by Habad Chasidism
, on Soloveitchik's conception of temporal simultaneity and reversibility is made by Elliot Wolfson in "Eternal Duration and Temporal Compresence.
The sociologist Max Handman declined to contribute to the Journal because he believed that Jewish culture equated to "mental attitudes," such as "Talmudism, Chasidism
[sic] and the Ghetto environment.
His sketch of the Baal Shem Tov was the first entry of Chasidism
into English literature.
The Pocket Dictionary of Judaism even takes Chasidim and Chasidism
to be two different sects.
We see this clearly now in diverse ways in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam: Opus Dei, the so-called Evangelicals, Chabad Chasidism
and other varieties of ultra-Orthodoxy, the Muslim Brotherhood.