Chicken cholera

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a contagious disease of fowls; - so called because first studied during the prevalence of a cholera epidemic in France. It has no resemblance to true cholera.
See under Chicken.

See also: Chicken, Cholera

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For a while, the term "vaccination" referred only to using cowpox crusts to prevent smallpox, but later the term became more generalized to include the procedures developed by Louis Pasteur to prevent chicken cholera and anthrax.
Chicken cholera was causing substantial losses to farmers in France.
When Pasteur discovered his method of inoculating chickens against chicken cholera, he immediately realized the theoretical connection with Jenner's work--the use of a weaker version of a disease to inoculate against the full-strength disease.
His work in germ theory also led him and his team to create vaccinations for anthrax, chicken cholera and rabies.
While working on chicken cholera, Pasteur made a serendipitous observation that led to the development of the concept and methodologies of "attenuation" of virulent organisms and their possible use as "live" vaccines to prevent infectious diseases like cholera, anthrax, rabies, etc.
The next section, "Golden Age," covers the history (with warts) of other immunizations, from Pasteur's chicken cholera vaccine, anthrax, and rabies, to diphtheria, typhoid, BCG, tetanus, typhoid, yellow fever, polio, influenza, measles, mumps, and rubella.