But the former president, voted resoundingly out of office by his economically suffering people when they were given a choice in 1991, has had strained relations with the government of President Frederick Chiluba
who succeeded him.
Accusations of corruption were legion and they dogged Frederick Chiluba
, the first president of the MMD and Kaunda's successor, right up to his death seven years after leaving the presidency.
52) See Isabel Apawo Phiri, "President Frederick Chiluba
and Zambia: Evangelicals and Democracy in a 'Christian Nation, in Evangelical Christianity and Democraty in Africa, ed.
Road construction only picked up in 1991, when the then president Frederick Chiluba
took over and privatised key parts of the economy.
Jacobs C, Chiluba
C, Phiri C, Lisulo MM, Chomba M, Hill PC, et al.
In September 1998, President Frederick Chiluba
of Zambia was mandated by SADC to mediate the conflict (Swart and Solomon 2004).
was the slogan that brought Frederick Chiluba
and his neoliberal government victory over Zambia's long-time president, Kenneth Kaunda, in 1991.
The outspoken opposition leader and former Finance Minister in the previous MMD government under late president Frederick Chiluba
expressed regret that the country was losing huge amounts of money in taxes as a result of the insincerity of some international companies operating in Zambia.
For example, immediately after having been elected president, the Charismatic Frederick Chiluba
declared Zambia "a Christian nation.
was praised by Christian groups and leaders across the world, including American evangelist, Par Robertson.
In 1990, Zambia held its first multi-party democratic election and with Frederick Chiluba
elected as Zambia's second president, economic and political liberalization commenced.
8) However, similar attempts by Bakili Muluzi and Frederick Chiluba
to lengthen their presidential terms failed in Malawi and Zambia, respectively.