china


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Related to china: History of China

chi·na

 (chī′nə)
n.
1. High-quality porcelain or other ceramic ware, originally made in China.
2. Porcelain or earthenware used for the table.

[Variant of earlier chiney, from Persian chīnī, Chinese, from chīn, China, ultimately of Chinese origin; akin to Mandarin Qín; see Qin.]

china

(ˈtʃaɪnə)
n
1. (Ceramics) ceramic ware of a type originally from China
2. (Ceramics) any porcelain or similar ware
3. (Ceramics) cups, saucers, etc, collectively
4. (Ceramics) (modifier) made of china: a china tea service.
[C16 chiny, from Persian chīnī]

china

(ˈtʃaɪnə)
n
informal Brit and South African a friend or companion
[C19: originally Cockney rhyming slang: china plate, mate]

China

(ˈtʃaɪnə)
n
1. (Placename) People's Republic of China Communist China Red China a republic in E Asia: the third largest and the most populous country in the world; the oldest continuing civilization (beginning over 2000 years bc); republic established in 1911 after the overthrow of the Manchu dynasty by Sun Yat-sen; People's Republic formed in 1949; the 1980s and 1990s saw economic liberalization but a rejection of political reform; contains vast deserts, steppes, great mountain ranges (Himalayas, Kunlun, Tian Shan, and Nan Shan), a central rugged plateau, and intensively cultivated E plains. Language: Chinese in various dialects, the chief of which is Mandarin. Religion: nonreligious majority; Buddhist and Taoist minorities. Currency: yuan. Capital: Beijing. Pop: 1 349 586 000 (2013 est). Area: 9 560 990 sq km (3 691 502 sq miles)
2. (Placename) Republic of China Nationalist China Taiwan a republic (recognized as independent by only 24 nations) in E Asia occupying the island of Taiwan, 13 nearby islands, and 64 islands of the Penghu (Pescadores) group: established in 1949 by the Nationalist government of China under Chiang Kai-shek after its expulsion by the Communists from the mainland; its territory claimed by the People's Republic of China since the political separation from the mainland; under US protection 1954–79; lost its seat at the UN to the People's Republic of China in 1971; state of war with the People's Republic of China formally ended in 1991, though tensions continue owing to the unresolved territorial claim. Language: Mandarin Chinese. Religion: nonreligious majority, Buddhist and Taoist minorities. Currency: New Taiwan dollar. Capital: Taipei. Pop: 22 610 000 (2003 est). Area: 35 981 sq km (13 892 sq miles). Former name: Formosa

chi•na

(ˈtʃaɪ nə)

n.
1. a translucent ceramic material, orig. imported from China; porcelain.
2. any porcelain or ceramic tableware.
3. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material collectively.
[1645–55; by ellipsis from chinaware]

Chi•na

(ˈtʃaɪ nə)

n.
1. People's Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,246,871,951; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing.
2. Republic of. Taiwan.

china

- Comes from Persian chini, for the delicate and valuable ware first made in China; the word describes pieces made from certain kinds of clay that have been glazed, usually decorated, and fired in a kiln at high temperatures.
See also related terms for kiln.

China


an obsession with China and things Chinese.
anything typically Chinese or made in a Chinese manner.
the philosophy and doctrines espoused by Confucius, 5th century B.C. Chinese philosopher and mor al teacher.
the predominant Chinese form of Buddhism, Foh being the Chinese name for Buddha. — Fohist, n.
1. the political and social theories and policies of Mao Zedong (1893-1976), Chinese communist leader, especially with regard to revolution and agrarian reform.
2. adherence to or belief in Mao’s doctrines. — Maoist, n., adj.
the doctrines of Mo-Tze, Chinese sage of the 5th century, B.C., who advocated government by an absolute monarch and universal love. — Mohist, n., adj.
1. a trait or custom peculiar to the Chinese.
2. the use in another language of a Chinese word, idiom, or expression.
the branch of anthropology that studies Chinese culture. — Sinologist, Sinologue, n. — Sinological, adj.

china

(originally “Chinaware”) Chinese porcelain of the sixteenth century; now any Chinese porcelain or western version.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.china - a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern AsiaChina - a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia; the most populous country in the world
acupuncture, stylostixis - treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
acupressure, G-Jo, shiatsu - treatment of symptoms by applying pressure with the fingers to specific pressure points on the body
Chinese Revolution - the republican revolution against the Manchu dynasty in China; 1911-1912
Chinese Wall, Great Wall, Great Wall of China - a fortification 1,500 miles long built across northern China in the 3rd century BC; it averages 6 meters in width
yang - the bright positive masculine principle in Chinese dualistic cosmology; "yin and yang together produce everything that comes into existence"
yin - the dark negative feminine principle in Chinese dualistic cosmology; "the interaction of yin and yang maintains the harmony of the universe"
feng shui - rules in Chinese philosophy that govern spatial arrangement and orientation in relation to patterns of yin and yang and the flow of energy (qi); the favorable or unfavorable effects are taken into consideration in designing and siting buildings and graves and furniture
Chinese - any of the Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in China; regarded as dialects of a single language (even though they are mutually unintelligible) because they share an ideographic writing system
Sino-Tibetan, Sino-Tibetan language - the family of tonal languages spoken in eastern Asia
Cultural Revolution, Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution - a radical reform in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1965 and carried out largely by the Red Guard; intended to eliminate counterrevolutionary elements in the government it resulted in purges of the intellectuals and socioeconomic chaos
dim sum - traditional Chinese cuisine; a variety of foods (including several kinds of steamed or fried dumplings) are served successively in small portions
fortune cookie - thin folded wafer containing a maxim on a slip of paper
brown sauce, Chinese brown sauce - a sauce based on soy sauce
egg foo yong, egg fu yung - omelet containing onions and celery and chopped meat or fish
egg roll, spring roll - minced vegetables and meat wrapped in a pancake and fried
Red Guard - a radical political movement by Chinese youths who espoused Maoist principles
falun gong - a spiritual movement that began in China in the latter half of the 20th century and is based on Buddhist and Taoist teachings and practices
Manchuria - a region in northeastern China
Beijing, capital of Red China, Peiping, Peking - capital of the People's Republic of China in the Hebei province in northeastern China; 2nd largest Chinese city
Chongqing, Chungking - a city in south-central China on the Chang Jiang; a commercial center for western China
Canton, Guangzhou, Kuangchou, Kwangchow - a city on the Zhu Jiang delta in southern China; the capital of Guangdong province and a major deep-water port
Gansu, Gansu province, Kansu - a province in north-central China; formerly part of the Silk Road to Turkistan and India and Persia
Hebei, Hebei province, Hopeh, Hopei - a populous province in northeastern China
Hunan, Hunan province - a province in southeastern central China between the Nan Ling mountains and the Chang Jiang; noted for its timber and valuable mineral resources
Sichuan, Szechuan, Szechwan, Szechwan province - a populous province of south central China
Yunnan, Yunnan province - a province of southern China
Luda, Luta - an industrial conurbation in northeastern China on the southern end of the Liaodong Peninsula; it now includes the cities of Dalian and Lushun
Dairen, Dalian, Talien - a port and shipbuilding center in northeastern China on the Liaodong Peninsula; now a part of Luda
Loyang, Luoyang - a city in east central China; the capital of ancient China during several dynasties
Lushun, Port Arthur - a major port city in northeastern China on the Liaodong Peninsula; now a part of Luda
Hangchow, Hangzhou - a city of eastern China on Hangzhou Bay; regarded by Marco Polo as the finest city in the world
Nanchang, Nan-chang - a walled city in southeastern China on the Gan Jiang
Nanning, Nan-ning - an industrial city in southern China
Nanjing, Nanking - a city in eastern China on the Yangtze River; a former capital of China; the scene of a Japanese massacre in the 1930s
Shanghai - the largest city of China; located in the east on the Pacific; one of the largest ports in the world
Fengtien, Moukden, Mukden, Shenyang - a city in northeastern China
Taiyuan - an ancient city in northeastern China noted for coal mining and steel production
2.china - high quality porcelain originally made only in China
bone china - fine porcelain that contains bone ash
crackle china, crackleware, crackle - glazed china with a network of fine cracks on the surface
porcelain - ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic
3.china - a government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the Communists led by Mao ZedongChina - a government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the Communists led by Mao Zedong
capital of Taiwan, Taipeh, Taipei - the capital of Nationalist China; located in northern Taiwan
Taichung - a city in Taiwan
South China Sea - a tropical arm of the Pacific Ocean near southeastern Asia subject to frequent typhoons
Chinese - a native or inhabitant of Communist China or of Nationalist China
Taiwanese - a native or inhabitant of Taiwan
4.china - dishware made of high quality porcelainchina - dishware made of high quality porcelain
crockery, dishware - tableware (eating and serving dishes) collectively
willow-pattern, willowware - chinaware decorated with a blue Chinese design on a white background depicting a willow tree and often a river

china

1
noun pottery, ceramics, ware, porcelain, crockery, tableware, service She collects blue and white china.

china

noun (Brit. & S. African informal) friend, pal, mate (informal), buddy (informal), companion, best friend, intimate, cock (Brit. informal), close friend, comrade, chum (informal), crony, main man (slang, chiefly U.S.), soul mate, homeboy (slang, chiefly U.S.), cobber (Austral. or old-fashioned N.Z. informal), bosom friend, boon companion How are you, my old china?
Translations
الصِيـنخَزَفصيني، خَزَفٌ صيني
Čínaporcelánporcelánový
Kinaporcelæn
Hiina
Kiinaposliini
Kinaporculan
Kína
Kínapostulín
中国磁器
도자기중국
Sina
Kinijaporcelianas
Ķīnaporcelāns
China
Kitajskaporcelan
Kinaporslin
เครื่องเคลือบดินเผาประเทศจีน
đồ sứTrung Quốc

China

[ˈtʃaɪnə]
A. NChina f
B. CPD China Sea NMar m de China
China tea Nm de China

china

1 [ˈtʃaɪnə]
A. N (= crockery) → loza f, vajilla f; (= fine china) → porcelana f
B. CPD [cup, plate etc] → de porcelana
china cabinet Nvitrina f de la porcelana
china clay Ncaolín m
china doll Nmuñeca f de porcelana

china

2 (o.f.) [ˈtʃaɪnə] Namigo m, compinche m
here you are, my old chinatoma, macho

China

[ˈtʃaɪnə] nChine f
in China → en Chine

china

[ˈtʃaɪnə]
nporcelaine f
adjen porcelaine
a china plate → une assiette en porcelainechina cabinet nvitrine fchina clay nkaolin mChina Sea [ˌtʃaɪnəˈsiː] n
the China Sea → la mer de ChineChina tea nthé m de Chine

China

nChina nt

china

nPorzellan nt
adjPorzellan-; china cabinetPorzellanvitrine f

china

:
china blue
nKobaltblau nt
china clay
nKaolin m
Chinaman
nChinese m; (US pej) → Schlitzauge nt
China Sea
n East/South chinaOst-/Südchinesisches Meer
Chinatown
chinaware
nPorzellanware (→ n pl) f

China

[ˈtʃaɪnə] nCina
People's Republic of China → Repubblica Popolare Cinese

china

[ˈtʃaɪnə]
1. n (porcelain) → porcellana; (dishes) → porcellane fpl
2. adjdi porcellana

china

(ˈtʃainə) noun
a fine kind of baked and glazed clay; porcelain. a plate made of china; (also adjective) a china vase.

china

الصِيـن, خَزَف Čína, porcelán Kina, porcelæn China, Porzellan Κίνα, πορσελάνη China, porcelana Kiina, posliini Chine, porcelaine Kina, porculan Cina, porcellana 中国, 磁器 도자기, 중국 China, porselein Kina, porselen Chiny, porcelana China, porcelana Китай, фарфор Kina, porslin เครื่องเคลือบดินเผา, ประเทศจีน Çin, porselen đồ sứ, Trung Quốc 中国, 瓷器
References in classic literature ?
I hate to think I've got to grow up, and be Miss March, and wear long gowns, and look as prim as a China Aster
Russia seemed to me more remote than any other country-- farther away than China, almost as far as the North Pole.
Hepzibah brought out Some old silver spoons with the family crest upon them, and a china tea-set painted over with grotesque figures of man, bird, and beast, in as grotesque a landscape.
In one corner stood a huge bag of wool, ready to be spun; in another, a quantity of linsey-woolsey just from the loom; ears of Indian corn, and strings of dried apples and peaches, hung in gay festoons along the walls, mingled with the gaud of red peppers; and a door left ajar gave him a peep into the best parlor, where the claw-footed chairs and dark mahogany tables shone like mirrors; andirons, with their accompanying shovel and tongs, glistened from their covert of asparagus tops; mock- oranges and conch - shells decorated the mantelpiece; strings of various-colored birds eggs were suspended above it; a great ostrich egg was hung from the centre of the room, and a corner cupboard, knowingly left open, displayed immense treasures of old silver and well-mended china.
By the straits of Sunda, chiefly, vessels bound to China from the west, emerge into the China seas.
But this treating servants as if they were exotic flowers, or china vases, is really ridiculous," said Marie, as she plunged languidly into the depths of a voluminous and pillowy lounge, and drew towards her an elegant cut-glass vinaigrette.
They no longer soar, and they attain only to a Shanghai and Cochin- China grandeur.
If he tells them to build a palace forty miles long out of di'monds, and fill it full of chewing-gum, or whatever you want, and fetch an emperor's daughter from China for you to marry, they've got to do it -- and they've got to do it before sun-up next morning, too.
We went to Venice--to London, Paris, Russia, India, China, Japan--"
Here in soap boxes hidden among the trees were stored all their treasures: wee baskets and plates and cups made of burdock balls, bits of broken china for parties, dolls, soon to be outgrown, but serving well as characters in all sorts of romances enacted there,--deaths, funerals, weddings, christenings.
When your father and mother moved to Norland, though the furniture of Stanhill was sold, all the china, plate, and linen was saved, and is now left to your mother.
Bessie had been down into the kitchen, and she brought up with her a tart on a certain brightly painted china plate, whose bird of paradise, nestling in a wreath of convolvuli and rosebuds, had been wont to stir in me a most enthusiastic sense of admiration; and which plate I had often petitioned to be allowed to take in my hand in order to examine it more closely, but had always hitherto been deemed unworthy of such a privilege.