Following up an idea put forth by Albert Herrmann in Das Land der Seide, he opines that Seres may originally have referred to Chinese Turkestan
and not to China proper, and the term for silk may have been based on the name of the ancient city Shuleh sjwo l[?
There they continued their long quest for the Future Messiah, Buddha Maitreya, traveling through Kashmir, Ladakh, Chinese Turkestan
, Altai, Mongolia, and Tibet.
Traces of Indo-European have been found in Chinese Turkestan
And so it remained for five years, until renowned explorer Aurel Stein stumbled upon it while on one of three expeditions he made to the deserts of Chinese Turkestan
1736-1795) calculated that the cost of the Jinchuan Wars was more than twice the amount spent to conquer Xinjiang or Chinese Turkestan
, a vast area perhaps twenty times larger than the Jinchuan region.
For the purposes of this presentation it can be defined to include the focus of this paper, namely Central Asia proper (which comprises the above-mentioned CIS states), Mongolia, Manchuria, Siberia, and Chinese Turkestan
8) Chiang further argued that China's traditional territorial domains reached the Himalayas, the Pamirs, the Mid-South Peninsula, and other Inner Asian peripheries such as Tibet, Chinese Turkestan
, Outer Mongolia, and Tannu Tuva.
To the historic core, the Manchus had added Manchuria, Mongolia, Chinese Turkestan
(that is, east Turkestan, or Xinjiang, "New Territories" as the Chinese style it, amounting to several hundred thousand square miles) and Tibet, and some other things also.