The new airport is intended to replace the Chinggis Khan
(Genghis Khan) International Airport, and take the name of the country's 13th-century ruler, regarded as a national symbol.
Taking a page out of the methods of earlier Mongol and Turkic warlords, successors of Chinggis Khan
, Nader Shah resorted to horrific violence to establish the might, authority and superiority of the invader, terrorizing the conquered people.
When one thinks about famous conquerors who were not early modern Europeans--Alexander, Caesar, Chinggis Khan
, Timur Lenk, Mehmed the Conqueror, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Shaka Zulu can it really be said that they glorified war less than Carl V, Louis XIV, or Frederick the Great?
Their topics include Sagan Sechen on the Tumu incident, Jochi and the early western campaigns, Qipchak networks of power in Mongol China, celebrating war with the Mongols, and modern origins of Chinggis Khan
worship: the Mongolian response to Japanese influences.
The Mongolian Government is now considering what should happen to the Chinggis Khan
facility when the New Ulaanbaatar International Airport opens.
Abi Talib, while depicted as a conqueror, is also vilified, as is Chinggis Khan
The second article, by Naran Bilik, analyses the nuanced roles of Chinggis Khan
worship in the troubled Mongol identity, from the vantage point of cognitive anthropology.
The text also includes a couple of gems, as in the discussion of how the Juchids reconciled the demands of their new religion, Islam, with the dynastic principle favoring direct descent from Chinggis Khan
He even explains, in an endnote, how Chinggis Khan
(1162-1227), founder of the Mongol Empire, came to be called "Genghis" Khan in the eighteenth century.
Recalled elsewhere as a brutal conqueror who decimated the civilizations of Central Asia and left behind pyramids of skulls after conquering Bukhara, Samarqand, and other great cities, Chinggis Khan
is all but worshiped in his native Mongolia.
Then there's Chinggis Khan
from Mongolia, others from France, Poland, Finland, all hoping to catch fire.
Before his death in 1227, Chinggis Khan
ordered that the great city of Karakorum be built to serve as the center of his nomadic empire.