toxin

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Related to Cholera toxin: Vibrio cholerae

tox·in

 (tŏk′sĭn)
n.
1. A poisonous substance, especially a protein, that is produced by living cells or organisms and is capable of causing disease when introduced into the body tissues but is often also capable of inducing neutralizing antibodies or antitoxins.
2. A poisonous or harmful nonbiological substance, such as a pollutant.

toxin

(ˈtɒksɪn)
n
1. (Pathology) any of various poisonous substances produced by microorganisms that stimulate the production of neutralizing substances (antitoxins) in the body. See also endotoxin, exotoxin
2. (Biology) any other poisonous substance of plant or animal origin

tox•in

(ˈtɒk sɪn)

n.
any poison produced by an organism, including the bacterial toxins that are the causative agents of tetanus, diphtheria, etc., and such plant and animal toxins as ricin and snake venom.
[1885–90; tox (ic) + -in1]
syn: See poison.

tox·in

(tŏk′sĭn)
A poisonous substance produced by a living organism. Toxins can be products of ordinary metabolism (such as lactic acid), can be produced to kill or immobilize prey (such as the toxins in snake venom), or can be produced for self-defense (such as the cyanide produced by several plants). Toxins produced by bacteria cause disease.

toxin

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.toxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal speciestoxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species
ricin, ricin toxin - a toxic protein extracted from castor beans; used as a chemical reagent; can be used as a bioweapon; "one milligram of ricin can kill an adult"
poison, poisonous substance, toxicant - any substance that causes injury or illness or death of a living organism
animal toxin, zootoxin - a toxin resembling bacterial toxins in its antigenic properties that is found in the fluids of certain animals
bacterial toxin - any endotoxin or exotoxin formed in or elaborated by bacterial cells
cytotoxin - any substance that has a toxic effect on cells
endotoxin - a toxin that is confined inside the microorganisms and is released only when the microorganisms are broken down or die
exotoxin - a toxin that is secreted by microorganisms into the surrounding medium
hepatotoxin - any toxin that affects the liver
nephrotoxin - any toxin that affects the kidneys
neurolysin, neurotoxin - any toxin that affects neural tissues
phytotoxin, plant toxin - any substance produced by plants that is similar in its properties to extracellular bacterial toxin

toxin

noun poison, venom Tests showed increased levels of toxins in fish.

toxin

noun
Anything that is injurious, destructive, or fatal:
Translations
méreg
toxin

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] Ntoxina f

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] ntoxine f

toxin

nGiftstoff m, → Toxin nt

toxin

[ˈtɒksɪn] ntossina

tox·in

n. toxina, veneno, sustancia nociva de origen animal o vegetal;
bacterial ______ bacteriana.

toxin

n toxina
References in periodicals archive ?
Cholera toxin (CT), the primary toxin produced by V.
The non-toxic component of a two-part cholera toxin, the CTB carrier has broad potential in delivering several new vaccines to specific disease targets in the mucosa and enhancing the immune response.
We found that these strains contained Haitian variant ctxB (ctxB7) similar to the classical cholera toxin.
After evaluating all of the data, the patient was diagnosed with Castleman's disease (CD) and treated with five cycles of fludarabine 40 mg d1-d3 and cholera toxin (CTX) 0.
cholerae strains isolated from the environment have rarely been virulent in terms of carrying known human virulence genes such as ctx; cholera toxin, tcp; toxin-coregulated pili, and zot; zonula occludens toxin (Bauer et al.
cholerae O139 serogroup (2), causing epidemic cholera, and the discovery that the cholera toxin genes, which represent the major virulence factor in the cholera disease, are carried on the genome of a filamentous phage, CTXPhi (3).
3]H]adenosine, was reported to possess an LoD of 600 molecules/L (or 1 zmol/L) of cholera toxin following an incubation time of 1000 min (5), an LoD that was some 1000-fold lower than the LoDs of both an RIA and of a conventional ELISA that relied on color measurement.
Avaccine made with succinylnorcocaine linked to recombinant cholera toxin is somewhat effective in reducing cocaine dependence, according to results from a small study.
Sanah Jowhari at TheraCarb, a biotechnology company in Canada, will apply technology to capture and remove the cholera toxin from the body of a host, and validate an approach to developing an effective drug candidate for cholera.
The fatal effects of the disease are mainly due to the cholera toxin produced by specific strains of Vibrio cholerae.
Mucosal immunization with Helicobacter, CpG DNA, and cholera toxin is protective.