refrain

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re·frain 1

 (rĭ-frān′)
intr.v.
To hold oneself back; forbear from doing something: refrained from swearing.

[Middle English refreinen, from Old French refrener, to restrain, from Latin refrēnāre : re-, re- + frēnāre, to restrain (from frēnum, bridle, from frendere, to grind; see ghrendh- in Indo-European roots).]

re·frain′er n.
re·frain′ment n.

re·frain 2

 (rĭ-frān′)
n.
1.
a. A phrase, verse, or group of verses repeated at intervals throughout a song or poem, especially at the end of each stanza.
b. Music for the refrain of a song.
2. A song or melody.
3. A repeated utterance or theme.

[Middle English refrein, from Old French refrain, alteration of refrait, past participle of refraindre, to break off, repeat, from Vulgar Latin *refrangere, to break off, alteration of Latin refringere; see refract.]

refrain

(rɪˈfreɪn)
vb
(usually foll by: from) to abstain (from action); forbear
[C14: from Latin refrēnāre to check with a bridle, from re- + frēnum a bridle]
reˈfrainer n
reˈfrainment n

refrain

(rɪˈfreɪn)
n
1. (Music, other) a regularly recurring melody, such as the chorus of a song
2. a much repeated saying or idea
[C14: via Old French, ultimately from Latin refringere to break into pieces]

re•frain1

(rɪˈfreɪn)

v.i.
1. to keep oneself from doing or saying something (often fol. by from).
v.t.
2. Archaic. to curb.
[1300–50; Middle English refreinen < Old French refrener < Latin refrēnāre to rein in, restrain =re- re- + -frēnāre, v. derivative of frēnum bridle]
re•frain′ment, n.

re•frain2

(rɪˈfreɪn)

n.
1. a phrase or verse recurring at intervals in a song or poem, esp. at the end of each stanza; chorus.
2.
a. a musical setting for a poetic refrain.
b. melody; tune.
c. the recurrent section of a rondo.
[1325–75; Middle English refreyne < Old French refrain, n. derivative of refraindre to break sequence < Vulgar Latin *refrangere, for Latin refringere to break back]

refrain

  • ballade - A verse or poem made up of three stanzas of equal length with a recurrent line or refrain at the end of each of the stanzas.
  • condone - From Latin condonare, "refrain from punishing," it does not mean "approve of, endorse"; it means "let something pass without interference even though you probably disapprove," or "pardon, forgive, overlook."
  • burden, refrain, chorus - The burden is the main theme or gist of a speech, book, or argument—or the refrain or chorus of a song.
  • deport - The earliest sense of deport was "bear with; refrain."

refrain


Past participle: refrained
Gerund: refraining

Imperative
refrain
refrain
Present
I refrain
you refrain
he/she/it refrains
we refrain
you refrain
they refrain
Preterite
I refrained
you refrained
he/she/it refrained
we refrained
you refrained
they refrained
Present Continuous
I am refraining
you are refraining
he/she/it is refraining
we are refraining
you are refraining
they are refraining
Present Perfect
I have refrained
you have refrained
he/she/it has refrained
we have refrained
you have refrained
they have refrained
Past Continuous
I was refraining
you were refraining
he/she/it was refraining
we were refraining
you were refraining
they were refraining
Past Perfect
I had refrained
you had refrained
he/she/it had refrained
we had refrained
you had refrained
they had refrained
Future
I will refrain
you will refrain
he/she/it will refrain
we will refrain
you will refrain
they will refrain
Future Perfect
I will have refrained
you will have refrained
he/she/it will have refrained
we will have refrained
you will have refrained
they will have refrained
Future Continuous
I will be refraining
you will be refraining
he/she/it will be refraining
we will be refraining
you will be refraining
they will be refraining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been refraining
you have been refraining
he/she/it has been refraining
we have been refraining
you have been refraining
they have been refraining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been refraining
you will have been refraining
he/she/it will have been refraining
we will have been refraining
you will have been refraining
they will have been refraining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been refraining
you had been refraining
he/she/it had been refraining
we had been refraining
you had been refraining
they had been refraining
Conditional
I would refrain
you would refrain
he/she/it would refrain
we would refrain
you would refrain
they would refrain
Past Conditional
I would have refrained
you would have refrained
he/she/it would have refrained
we would have refrained
you would have refrained
they would have refrained

refrain

A phrase, line, or group of lines repeated through a poem, usually at the end of each stanza.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.refrain - the part of a song where a soloist is joined by a group of singers
music - an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
song, vocal - a short musical composition with words; "a successful musical must have at least three good songs"
tra-la, tra-la-la - a set of nonsensical syllables used while humming a refrain
Verb1.refrain - resist doing something; "He refrained from hitting him back"; "she could not forbear weeping"
leave alone, leave behind, leave - leave unchanged or undisturbed or refrain from taking; "leave it as is"; "leave the young fawn alone"; "leave the flowers that you see in the park behind"
let it go - not act; "He thought of a reply but let it go"
abstain - refrain from voting
spare, save - refrain from harming
forbear, hold back - refrain from doing; "she forbore a snicker"
help oneself, help - abstain from doing; always used with a negative; "I can't help myself--I have to smoke"; "She could not help watching the sad spectacle"
stand by - not act or do anything; "He just stood by when the police beat up the demonstrators"
sit out - not participate in (an activity, such as a dance or a sports event); "He sat out the game"
act, move - perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); "think before you act"; "We must move quickly"; "The governor should act on the new energy bill"; "The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
2.refrain - choose not to consumerefrain - choose not to consume; "I abstain from alcohol"
fast - abstain from eating; "Before the medical exam, you must fast"
fast - abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons; "Catholics sometimes fast during Lent"
keep off, avoid - refrain from certain foods or beverages; "I keep off drugs"; "During Ramadan, Muslims avoid tobacco during the day"
teetotal - practice teetotalism and abstain from the consumption of alcoholic beverages

refrain

1
verb stop, avoid, give up, cease, do without, renounce, abstain, eschew, leave off, desist, forbear, kick (informal) She refrained from making any comment.

refrain

2
noun chorus, song, tune, melody a refrain from an old song

refrain

verb
To hold oneself back:
Translations
لازِمَهيَمْتَنِع عن
refrénzdržet se
refrænundladeomkvæd
kertosäe
halda aftur af sérviîlag, stef
atturētiespiedziedājums

refrain

1 [rɪˈfreɪn] N (Mus) → estribillo m
his constant refrain issiempre está con la misma canción ...

refrain

2 [rɪˈfreɪn] VI to refrain from sth/from doing sthabstenerse de algo/de hacer algo
I couldn't refrain from laughingno pude contener la risa

refrain

[rɪˈfreɪn]
vis'abstenir
to refrain from doing sth → s'abstenir de faire qch
to refrain from sth → s'abstenir de qch
n
(= often-repeated comment) → refrain m
(= melody) → refrain m

refrain

1
vi please refrain!bitte unterlassen Sie das!; he refrained from commenter enthielt sich eines Kommentars; they refrained from such actionssie sahen von einem solchen Vorgehen ab; I couldn’t refrain from laughingich konnte mir das Lachen nicht verkneifen; kindly refrain from saying that in front of the childrenwürden Sie das bitte nicht vor den Kindern sagen; please refrain from smokingbitte nicht rauchen!

refrain

2
n (Mus, Poet, fig) → Refrain m

refrain

1 [rɪˈfreɪn] n (Mus) → ritornello, refrain m inv

refrain

2 [rɪˈfreɪn] vi to refrain from sth/from doing sthastenersi or trattenersi da qc/dal fare qc

refrain1

(rəˈfrein) noun
a line of words or music repeated regularly in a song, especially at the end of or after each verse; a chorus.

refrain2

(rəˈfrein) verb
(with from) not to do; to avoid. You are asked to refrain from smoking / from (drinking) alcohol.