The paper will therefore build the profile of the Christian-democrat electorate in the above-mentioned countries and will try to understand where they differ and how much of their profile is in accordance with the EPP manifesto in terms of tolerance and religiousness.
Given such characteristics developed by the literature, our hypothesis is that the profile of the Christian-democrat electorate is one that shows intolerance towards immigration, gay rights, euthanasia, criminals and a slight support for social solidarity, as well as a consistent support for the church.
In Italy, where the electorate is renowned for its religious voting behavior, the support for Christian-democrats have declined dramatically, registering one of the most striking failures when Partito della Democrazia Christiana collapsed in the 1993 elections.
A series of studies refer to the fact that the EPP, under the umbrella of which Christian-democrats all over the continent ran for the European elections, still has a considerable force in the Parliament based in Brussels, as the European People's Party managed to gather the highest number of seats in the European Legislative during the elections in 2009.
The attachment of the Christian-democrats to religious values is of no doubt: the democracy which even the name of the ideology makes an appeal to is not any type of democracy, but a Christian one, therefore one which is unmistakably related to religion.
Austria is a country where the Christian-democrats were always fairly well represented in the Parliament, but the OVP has recently registered lower popular support as compared to the years after World War II.
I wrote about this on the op-ed pages of The Wall Street Journal, and was subsequently reprimanded by the Belgian newspaper I worked for, following an angry telephone call from the then Belgian Prime Minister, a Christian-Democrat, to my editor, a former spokesman of this Prime Minister's.
In 1988, he became the party leader of the governing Christian-Democrats.
In 2003, however, the Christian-Democrats were not in government and Herman was leader of the opposition.
Ultimately, the Flemish Christian-Democrats gave in, reneged on their promise to their voters, and agreed to join a government without BHV being split.
With her brunette looks and name, Irina could be southern or eastern European, while her bland assertions about the right of all citizens to clean water are neither Christian-Democrat
right nor Socialist left (which, along with the Green Party, comprise most of the European Parliament's members).