cold(redirected from Chronic obstructive airway disease)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia.
These adjectives mean marked by a low or an extremely low temperature: cold air; an arctic climate; a chilly day; cool water; a frigid room; a frosty morning; gelid seas; glacial winds; icy hands.
adj. -er, -est,
n., adv. adj.
cold- When the moon is far to the north, it is popularly called a cold moon.
2. the science of refrigeration.
If you want to emphasize how cold the weather is, you can say that it is freezing, especially in winter when there is ice or frost.
In summer, if the temperature is below average, you can say that it is cool. In general, cold suggests a lower temperature than cool, and cool things may be pleasant or refreshing.
If it is very cool or too cool, you can also say that it is chilly.
|Noun||1.||cold - a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs); "will they never find a cure for the common cold?"|
communicable disease - a disease that can be communicated from one person to another
respiratory disease, respiratory disorder, respiratory illness - a disease affecting the respiratory system
head cold - a common cold affecting the nasal passages and resulting in congestion and sneezing and headache
rhinorrhea - persistent watery mucus discharge from the nose (as in the common cold)
|2.||cold - the absence of heat; "the coldness made our breath visible"; "come in out of the cold"; "cold is a vasoconstrictor"|
pressor, vasoconstrictive, vasoconstrictor - any agent that causes a narrowing of an opening of a blood vessel: cold or stress or nicotine or epinephrine or norepinephrine or angiotensin or vasopressin or certain drugs; maintains or increases blood pressure
temperature - the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity)
chilliness, coolness, nip - the property of being moderately cold; "the chilliness of early morning"
frostiness - coldness as evidenced by frost
cool - the quality of being at a refreshingly low temperature; "the cool of early morning"
|3.||cold - the sensation produced by low temperatures; "he shivered from the cold"; "the cold helped clear his head"|
temperature - the somatic sensation of cold or heat
|Adj.||1.||cold - having a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration; "a cold climate"; "a cold room"; "dinner has gotten cold"; "cold fingers"; "if you are cold, turn up the heat"; "a cold beer"|
frozen - turned into ice; affected by freezing or by long and severe cold; "the frozen North"; "frozen pipes"; "children skating on a frozen brook"
cool - neither warm nor very cold; giving relief from heat; "a cool autumn day"; "a cool room"; "cool summer dresses"; "cool drinks"; "a cool breeze"
hot - used of physical heat; having a high or higher than desirable temperature or giving off heat or feeling or causing a sensation of heat or burning; "hot stove"; "hot water"; "a hot August day"; "a hot stuffy room"; "she's hot and tired"; "a hot forehead"
|2.||cold - extended meanings; especially of psychological coldness; without human warmth or emotion; "a cold unfriendly nod"; "a cold and unaffectionate person"; "a cold impersonal manner"; "cold logic"; "the concert left me cold"|
passionless - not passionate; "passionless observation of human nature"
cool - psychologically cool and unenthusiastic; unfriendly or unresponsive or showing dislike; "relations were cool and polite"; "a cool reception"; "cool to the idea of higher taxes"
hot - extended meanings; especially of psychological heat; marked by intensity or vehemence especially of passion or enthusiasm; "a hot temper"; "a hot topic"; "a hot new book"; "a hot love affair"; "a hot argument"
|3.||cold - having lost freshness through passage of time; "a cold trail"; "dogs attempting to catch a cold scent"|
stale - lacking freshness, palatability, or showing deterioration from age; "stale bread"; "the beer was stale"
|4.||cold - (color) giving no sensation of warmth; "a cold bluish grey"|
cool - (color) inducing the impression of coolness; used especially of greens and blues and violets; "cool greens and blues and violets"
|5.||cold - marked by errorless familiarity; "had her lines cold before rehearsals started"|
perfect - being complete of its kind and without defect or blemish; "a perfect circle"; "a perfect reproduction"; "perfect happiness"; "perfect manners"; "a perfect specimen"; "a perfect day"
|6.||cold - lacking originality or spontaneity; no longer new; "moth-eaten theories about race"; "stale news"|
unoriginal - not original; not being or productive of something fresh and unusual; "the manuscript contained unoriginal emendations"; "his life had been unoriginal, conforming completely to the given pattern"- Gwethalyn Graham
|7.||cold - so intense as to be almost uncontrollable; "cold fury gripped him"|
intense - possessing or displaying a distinctive feature to a heightened degree; "intense heat"; "intense anxiety"; "intense desire"; "intense emotion"; "the skunk's intense acrid odor"; "intense pain"; "enemy fire was intense"
|8.||cold - sexually unresponsive; "was cold to his advances"; "a frigid woman"|
unloving - not giving or reciprocating affection
|9.||cold - without compunction or human feeling; "in cold blood"; "cold-blooded killing"; "insensate destruction"|
inhumane - lacking and reflecting lack of pity or compassion; "humans are innately inhumane; this explains much of the misery and suffering in the world"; "biological weapons are considered too inhumane to be used"
|10.||cold - feeling or showing no enthusiasm; "a cold audience"; "a cold response to the new play"|
unenthusiastic - not enthusiastic; lacking excitement or ardor; "an unenthusiastic performance by the orchestra"; "unenthusiastic applause"
|11.||cold - unconscious from a blow or shock or intoxication; "the boxer was out cold"; "pass out cold"|
unconscious - not conscious; lacking awareness and the capacity for sensory perception as if asleep or dead; "lay unconscious on the floor"
|12.||cold - of a seeker; far from the object sought|
far - located at a great distance in time or space or degree; "we come from a far country"; "far corners of the earth"; "the far future"; "a far journey"; "the far side of the road"; "far from the truth"; "far in the future"
|13.||cold - lacking the warmth of life; "cold in his grave"|
dead - no longer having or seeming to have or expecting to have life; "the nerve is dead"; "a dead pallor"; "he was marked as a dead man by the assassin"
chilly hot, heated, warm, mild, sunny, balmy
distant open, loving, caring, warm, spirited, emotional, alive, passionate, animated, responsive, compassionate, demonstrative
a cold buffet → un buffet frío
to be cold [person] → tener frío; [thing] → estar frío
I'm cold → tengo frío
my hands are cold → tengo las manos frías
it was cold; the weather was cold → hacía frío
the house was cold → la casa estaba fría, en la casa hacía frío
to get cold [food, coffee] → enfriarse
your dinner's getting cold → se te está enfriando la cena
the nights are getting colder → está haciendo más frío por las noches
I'm getting cold → me está entrando frío
no, no, you're getting colder (in game) → no, no, cada vez más frío
to go cold your coffee's going cold → se te está enfriando el café
I went cold at the very thought → sólo de pensarlo me entraron escalofríos
the trail went cold in Athens → las huellas desaparecieron en Atenas
to pour or throw cold water on or over sth → poner pegas or trabas a algo
see also comfort A1
see also foot A1
to get or receive a cold reception [person] → tener un recibimiento frío; [proposal] → tener una acogida fría
to give sb a cold reception → recibir a algn con frialdad
to give sth a cold reception → acoger algo con frialdad
the proposal was given a cold reception by the banks → los bancos acogieron la propuesta con frialdad
to be cold to or with sb → mostrarse frío con algn
his music leaves me cold → su música me deja frío
the cold facts → la cruda realidad
see also blood A1
see also light 1 A1
see also out A15
her hands were blue with cold → tenía las manos moradas del frío
come in out of the cold! → ¡entra, que hace frío!
to feel the cold → ser friolento or (Sp) friolero
to leave sb out in the cold (fig) → dejar a algn al margen, dar a algn a un lado
she felt left out in the cold → sintió que la habían dejado al margen or dado de lado
I've got a cold → estoy resfriado or acatarrado or constipado
to catch a cold → resfriarse, constiparse
to have a chest cold → tener el pecho congestionado or cargado
you'll catch your death of cold → vas a pillar un resfriado de muerte
to get a cold → resfriarse, constiparse
to give sb a/one's cold → contagiar or pegar un/el resfriado a algn
to have a head cold → estar resfriado or constipado
he stopped cold in his tracks → se paró en seco
cold cream N → crema f hidratante
cold cuts NPL (US) = cold meats cold fish N (fig) → persona f seca
cold frame N → vivero m para plantas
cold front N (Met) → frente m frío
cold meats NPL → fiambres fpl, embutidos mpl
cold snap N → ola f de frío
cold sore N → herpes m inv labial, pupa f
cold start N (Aut) → arranque m en frío
cold storage N → conservación f en cámaras frigoríficas
to put sth into cold storage [+ food] → refrigerar algo (fig) [+ project] → aparcar algo
cold store N → cámara f frigorífica
cold sweat N → sudor m frío
he broke into a cold sweat → le entró un sudor frío
cold turkey N → mono m, síndrome m de abstinencia
to go cold turkey → dejar la droga en seco
he quit smoking cold turkey → dejó de fumar a base de aguantarse el mono
cold war N → guerra f fría
The water's cold → L'eau est froide.
it's cold today → il fait froid aujourd'hui
to be cold [person] → avoir froid
I'm cold → J'ai froid.
Are you cold? → Est-ce que tu as froid?
to feel cold [person] → avoir froid
to have cold feet (lit) → avoir froid aux pieds
to get cold feet about sth (= start feeling unsure) → être moins chaud pour qch
to be out cold [person] (= unconscious) → être dans les pommes (= sleeping) → dormir à poings fermés
I can't stand the cold → Je ne supporte pas le froid.
to be left out in the cold (fig) [person, group, country] → être laissé(e) de côté
to have a cold → avoir un rhume
I've got a bad cold → J'ai un gros rhume.
to catch a cold, to catch cold → s'enrhumer, attraper un rhumecold-blooded [ˌkəʊldˈblʌdɪd] adj
it's cold → fa freddo
it's a cold day → fa freddo oggi
I'm cold → ho freddo
my feet are cold → ho freddo ai piedi, ho i piedi freddi
to catch cold → prendere freddo
to get cold (person) → infreddolirsi (food) → freddarsi, diventare freddo/a
it's getting cold (weather) → comincia a far freddo
the room's getting cold → comincia a far freddo in questa stanza
to be out cold (fam) (unconscious) → essere privo/a di sensi
to knock sb (out) cold → mettere qn fuori combattimento
in cold blood → a sangue freddo
it leaves me cold (fam) → non mi fa né caldo, né freddo
to get cold feet (fig) → avere fifa
it's cold comfort → è una magra consolazione
to put sth into cold storage (food) → mettere qc in cella frigorifera (fig) (project) → accantonare qc