Etienne-Jules Marey's chronophotograph
images of a male body in motion flash onscreen, a ghostly relic of the first transformations of time and movement into cinema.
Impossible to count them--which isn't to say that they were innumerable, but one was blurred, one incomplete, one of them covered by another, and that one covered by the one following him, and so on, like in Etienne-Jules Marey's famous chronophotograph
, where you can see the repeated image of a hurdler and his flight path, just as repetitive, leaving a trace of four black dots and three white dots that the inventor used as reference points.
The arrangement recalls Etienne-Jules Marey's extraordinary nineteenth-century chronophotographs
of landing birds.
In the late nineteenth century there was a flurry of devices and a parade of names, which all contributed more or less, depending on one's perspective, to the development of cinematic culture in forms that we might recognise today: praxinoscope, zoopraxiscope, chronophotographs
, biofantascope, kinetograph, kinetophonograph, Reynaud, Muybridge, Marey, Friese-Green, Edison, to cite just a handful.