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 (sĭth′ər-ə, kĭth′-) also kith·a·ra (kĭth′-)
n. Music
An ancient instrument resembling the lyre.

[Latin, from Greek kitharā.]


(ˈsɪθərə) or


(Instruments) a stringed musical instrument of ancient Greece and elsewhere, similar to the lyre and played with a plectrum
[C18: from Greek kithara]


(ˈkɪθ ər ə)

also cithara

n., pl. -ras.
a lyrelike musical instrument of ancient Greece having a wooden soundbox.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Greek kithára lyre; compare guitar, zither]
References in periodicals archive ?
Topics include his astronomical interests; his business relationship with publisher Auguste Durand; his relationships with Jules Massenet, Vincent d'Indy, and Charles Lecocq; his performances; his involvement in the Societe Nationale, the Societe des Compositeurs, and the Societe des Concerts du Conservatoire de Paris; his travels; influences in his music, including Rameau's keyboard music and the lyres and citharas of antiquity; his advocacy for music education in elementary school; his silent film music; his thoughts on the future of music; and his piano concertos in comparison to Ravel's.
In 1112 the Polish Prince Zbigniew brought a group of musicians (simphonia musicorum) playing on citharas and drums to Bohemia.
Jerome himself decided against organa in his retranslation of the Psalter from the Hebrew, shifting to citharas, and this was also the translation used in the Protestant Latin Bible of Junius and Tremellius.