civil law

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civil law

n.
1.
a. The body of law of a state or nation governing the behavior of individuals and corporations.
b. The law determining private rights and liabilities, as opposed to criminal law and other public law.
2. The law of ancient Rome as embodied in the Justinian code, especially that which applied to private citizens.
3. A system of law having its origin in Roman law, as opposed to common law or canon law.

civil law

n
1. (Law) the law of a state relating to private and civilian affairs
2. (Law) the body of law in force in ancient Rome, esp the law applicable to private citizens
3. (Law) any system of law based on the Roman system as distinguished from the common law and canon law
4. (Law) the law of a state as distinguished from international law

civ′il law′


n.
1. the body of laws regulating private matters, as distinct from criminal, political, or military matters.
2. the body of law proper to ancient Rome, as distinct from that common to all nations.
3. any of the systems of law derived from or influenced by Roman law and distinct from common law and canon law.
[1375–1425]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.civil law - the body of laws established by a state or nation for its own regulation
common law, precedent, case law - (civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisions
legislation, statute law - law enacted by a legislative body
complaint - (civil law) the first pleading of the plaintiff setting out the facts on which the claim for relief is based
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
accession - (civil law) the right to all of that which your property produces whether by growth or improvement
international law, law of nations - the body of laws governing relations between nations
2.civil law - the legal code of ancient Romecivil law - the legal code of ancient Rome; codified under Justinian; the basis for many modern systems of civil law
addiction - (Roman law) a formal award by a magistrate of a thing or person to another person (as the award of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master; "under Roman law addiction was the justification for slavery"
legal code - a code of laws adopted by a state or nation; "a code of laws"
novate - replace with something new, especially an old obligation by a new one
stipulate - make an oral contract or agreement in the verbal form of question and answer that is necessary to give it legal force
Translations
občanské právo
kontinentaleuropäischer RechtskreisPrivatrechtZivilrecht
civila kodo
derecho civilderecho continental
säädösoikeus
code civildroit civil
המשפט הקונטיננטלימשפט אזרחי
građansko pravo
大陸法
civiline teisekontinentinė teisė
burgerlijk Wetboek
privatrecht
prawo cywilne
civil lawdireito civildireito romano-germânico
civilno pravo
civilrätt

civil law

ncodice m civile; (study) → diritto civile
References in periodicals archive ?
contrasts countries with common and civil-law origins, correlating common-law origins with .
Florida Bar members now have the ability to add "Florida civil-law notary" and three "National Board of Legal Specialty Certification/National Board of Trial Advocacy" certifications to their profiles on The Florida Bar's website.
Pejovich distinguishes common law and civil law, arguing that precedents and the fear of being overturned by a higher court constrain common-law judges, whereas in civil-law countries, being faithful to the laws that legislators enact and the threat of reversal by a higher court constrain the judges' behavior.

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