clathrate

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clath·rate

 (klăth′rāt′)
adj.
1. Biology Having a latticelike structure or appearance: clathrate scales.
2. Chemistry Of or relating to inclusion complexes in which molecules of one substance are completely enclosed within the crystal structure of another.
n. Chemistry
A clathrate compound, such as methane hydrate.

[Latin clāthrātus, past participle of clāthrāre, to furnish with a lattice, from clāthrī, clātra, lattice, from Greek klēithra, pl. of klēithron, door bar, from kleiein, to close.]

clathrate

(ˈklæθreɪt)
adj
resembling a net or lattice
n
(Chemistry) chem a solid compound in which molecules of one substance are physically trapped in the crystal lattice of another
[C17: from Latin clāthrāre to provide with a lattice, from Greek klēthra, from klaithron a bar]

clath•rate

(ˈklæθ reɪt)

adj.
1. Biol. resembling a lattice; divided or marked like latticework.
n.
2. a substance in which a molecule of one compound fills a cavity within the crystal lattice of another compound.
[1615–25; < Latin clāt(h)rātus, past participle of clāt(h)rāre to fit with bars <clāt(h)ra bars, lattice < Greek klêithron bar < kleíein to close]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.clathrate - having a latticelike structure pierced with holes or windows
phytology, botany - the branch of biology that studies plants
reticular, reticulate - resembling or forming a network; "the reticulate veins of a leaf"; "a reticulated highway system"
2.clathrate - designating or relating to a compound in which one component is physically enclosed within the crystal structure of another
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
enclosed - closed in or surrounded or included within; "an enclosed porch"; "an enclosed yard"; "the enclosed check is to cover shipping and handling"
Translations
clathrate
References in periodicals archive ?
One possible explanation for these phenomena is that the MF produces changes in water cluster structure and/or in the formation of clathrates within the gases dissolved in it.
6 ppm/year, rising and acidifying oceans, the simplification of both oceanic and land-based ecosystems, the ongoing release of methane clathrates from permafrost and from ocean floors, increasing weather disruption, increasing average temperatures and so on).
These significant depths suggest that Ceres' subsurface is no more than 40 percent ice by volume, and the rest may be a mixture of rock and low-density materials such as salts or chemical compounds called clathrates.
Natural emissions of these gases are of particular interest in the Arctic where there are large vulnerable reservoirs of carbon in the soil and possibly clathrates that can be released into the atmosphere as C[O.
Methane clathrates exist on the Earth, namely at the bottoms of the deep oceans where it is sufficiently cold to maintain clathrate ice.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have adopted a very cautious approach to methane; cautious in the sense that they know there is a methane time-bomb ticking away in the permafrost at high latitudes; and also lurking within the Arctic sea-bed in the form of clathrates.
For example, permafrost--thick subsurface layer of soil that remains frozen year-round--and frozen methane deposits in the seabed, known as methane hydrates or clathrates, are critically important parts of the cryosphere and hence the climate system.
The gas molecules (guests) become trapped in water cages (hosts), also known as clathrates, at high pressures and low temperatures.
The team found that, at the high pressures expected in the moon's ocean, icy materials called clathrates could form that imprison methane molecules within a crystal structure of water ice.
Different sources have been discussed for younger Phanerozoic events, including quick release of methane from dissociation of clathrates, rapid heating of organic matter by volcanic intrusions, or a combination of different factors (for references see Saltzman & Thomas 2012).
The aim of this work is the investigation of the mechanical conversions of natural gas aquatic clathrates, as well as the scale and ways of the chemical conversions of the hydrocarbons in the process of the mechanical activation of gas hydrates.
Three types of minerals are formed depending of the fluid's evolution: water ice, clathrates of carbon dioxide and very hydrated magnesium sulfates (epsomite, meridianiite).

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