clathrate

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clath·rate

 (klăth′rāt′)
adj.
1. Biology Having a latticelike structure or appearance: clathrate scales.
2. Chemistry Of or relating to inclusion complexes in which molecules of one substance are completely enclosed within the crystal structure of another.
n. Chemistry
A clathrate compound, such as methane hydrate.

[Latin clāthrātus, past participle of clāthrāre, to furnish with a lattice, from clāthrī, clātra, lattice, from Greek klēithra, pl. of klēithron, door bar, from kleiein, to close.]

clathrate

(ˈklæθreɪt)
adj
resembling a net or lattice
n
(Chemistry) chem a solid compound in which molecules of one substance are physically trapped in the crystal lattice of another
[C17: from Latin clāthrāre to provide with a lattice, from Greek klēthra, from klaithron a bar]

clath•rate

(ˈklæθ reɪt)

adj.
1. Biol. resembling a lattice; divided or marked like latticework.
n.
2. a substance in which a molecule of one compound fills a cavity within the crystal lattice of another compound.
[1615–25; < Latin clāt(h)rātus, past participle of clāt(h)rāre to fit with bars <clāt(h)ra bars, lattice < Greek klêithron bar < kleíein to close]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.clathrate - having a latticelike structure pierced with holes or windows
phytology, botany - the branch of biology that studies plants
reticular, reticulate - resembling or forming a network; "the reticulate veins of a leaf"; "a reticulated highway system"
2.clathrate - designating or relating to a compound in which one component is physically enclosed within the crystal structure of another
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
enclosed - closed in or surrounded or included within; "an enclosed porch"; "an enclosed yard"; "the enclosed check is to cover shipping and handling"
Translations
clathrate
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, permafrost--thick subsurface layer of soil that remains frozen year-round--and frozen methane deposits in the seabed, known as methane hydrates or clathrates, are critically important parts of the cryosphere and hence the climate system.
The gas molecules (guests) become trapped in water cages (hosts), also known as clathrates, at high pressures and low temperatures.
The team found that, at the high pressures expected in the moon's ocean, icy materials called clathrates could form that imprison methane molecules within a crystal structure of water ice.
Different sources have been discussed for younger Phanerozoic events, including quick release of methane from dissociation of clathrates, rapid heating of organic matter by volcanic intrusions, or a combination of different factors (for references see Saltzman & Thomas 2012).
The aim of this work is the investigation of the mechanical conversions of natural gas aquatic clathrates, as well as the scale and ways of the chemical conversions of the hydrocarbons in the process of the mechanical activation of gas hydrates.
Three types of minerals are formed depending of the fluid's evolution: water ice, clathrates of carbon dioxide and very hydrated magnesium sulfates (epsomite, meridianiite).
Topics include bulk nanocomposites of thermoelectric materials, thermoelectric inverse clathrates, polymer thermoelectric materials, heat dissipaters, and medical applications.
for viable gas storage media, clathrates may offer an
Warming ocean water to a depth of 3000 meters, [up arrow] resulting in release of seabed methane-bearing temperature clathrates as amplifying feedback of climate [right arrow] change.
Studies measuring isotopes of carbon, conducted by an international team of scientists, including CSIRO, have shown that methane clathrates were not responsible for the large and rapid increase in methane when temperatures rose at the end of the last ice age (12 000 years ago).
As understanding and awareness of how current energy use affects local, regional and global environment and politics, the need for more renewable and sustainable energy supplies and greater energy-use efficiency becomes increasingly apparent, even though huge fossil resources remain -- especially as coal but also as oil sands, oil shales, methane clathrates and other unconventional sources (Rogner 1997).

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