An extensive afterword teaches the reader more about what history has recorded of the time, including controversies about some of the era's biggest players (even today, historians disagree whether the legendary "father of democracy" Cleisthenes
was a selfless reformer, a manipulative opportunist, or somewhere in between).
To use a historical analogy, ere Cleisthenes
was able to establish the world's first true democracy in ancient Athens he had to demolish the tribes into which the population was divided.
116) Its foundation is erotic: once arrived in their homeland, the Ephesian population disappears from the scene and the protagonists are joined only by the faithful lovers Leucon and Rhode, and Hippothous and Cleisthenes
Fredal's book is organized chronologically, beginning with Solon and proceeding through the tyranny of the Peisistratids, democracy under Cleisthenes
, the Peloponnesian War, and the ascendance of Demosthenes.
Scholars fit the flourishing of tragoidia into the context of Athens' relatively rapid, far-reaching, and unprecedented transition to democracy that began in 510 BCE with the overthrow of the Peisistratid tyranny, took decisive impetus shortly thereafter from the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes
(which included reorganization of the tribal bases of Athenian identity), proceeded with Ephialtes' demotion of the aristocratic Court of Areopagus (462/1) and culminated in Pericles' lowering of the property requirement for the highest political office (458/7) and his institution of paid jury service (around 454).
Haggas unleashed an interesting three-year-old at Brighton on Tuesday in Cleisthenes
, and if he decides to go for races like the Jersey with him next time, he shouldn't be underestimated.
Solon's reforms were consolidated in 507 BC by the legislation of Cleisthenes
, who is considered to be the founder of Athenian democracy.
First, in offering the hand of his daughter as the Olympic prize, Cleisthenes
not only serves as the prime mover of the entire plot of L'Olimpiade, but his gesture instantiates the patriarchal orthodoxy that governed Metastasio's languid and voluptuous eighteenth century society.
But are we to imagine a later ruler, let us say Cleisthenes
, searching for inspiration from Near Eastern political "raw material" before conceiving his Athenian democracy?
that another Athenian statesman, Cleisthenes
(CLYS-then-eez), introduced a constitution with revolutionary reforms.