(redirected from Clitics)


An unstressed word, typically a function word, that is incapable of standing on its own and attaches in pronunciation to a stressed word, with which it forms a single accentual unit. Examples of clitics are the pronoun 'em in I see 'em and the definite article in French l'arme, "the arm."
Of or relating to a clitic or clisis.

[Greek klitikos, leaning, from klīnein, to lean; see klei- in Indo-European roots.]

clit′i·cize (-sĭz′) v.
clit′i·ci·za′tion (-sĭ-zā′shən) n.


(Linguistics) (of a word) incapable of being stressed, usually pronounced as if part of the word that follows or precedes it: for example, in French, me, te, and le are clitic pronouns. See also proclitic, enclitic
(Linguistics) a clitic word
[C20: back formation from enclitic and proclitic]


(ˈklɪt ɪk)
adj., n.
enclitic or proclitic.
[1945–50; by extraction]
References in periodicals archive ?
Spanish Clitics on the Move: Variation in Time and Space
paper on "Ob-Ugric Syntax before 1850: the Case of Castren", or "On Clitics in Nenets" to the symposium "The Syntax of Samoyedic and Ob-Ugric Languages".
In addition, we lack further criteria allowing an intrinsic distinction and characterization, based solely on linguistic arguments, of the various types of meaning-bearer units, like affixes, clitics, clitic groups, among others.
Let us stress here that the positions characteristic of the reflexive clitic do not coincide with the positions of pronominal clitics in Early Slavic (see e.
Clitics are described as a set of features which denote number, gender, person, and case (Cuervo, 2002), and Spanish has a large set of clitics, namely, verb objects (direct objects, as in lo tengo 'it I've.
4, 862-866; ALBERT BICKFORD, "Spanish clitic doubling and levels of gramatical relations", Lingua, 65 (1985), 189-211; OSVALDO JAEGGLI, "Three issues in the theory of clitics: Case, doubled NPs and extraction", en Syntax and semantics 19: The syntax of pronominal clitics, ed.
7 It would be better that the whole paradigm for strong Pashto personal pronouns is given, notwithstanding the fact that another paradigm for clitic pronouns or pronominal clitics exist, but they are irrelevant here:
Loporcaro M (2000) Stress stability under cliticization and the prosodic status of Romance clitics.
Thirdly, to explore whether there are differences between the two groups due to the length of the sentence (which increases memory demands) or if these differences appear in the grammatical structures that are more sensitive to SLI (such as clitics and alteration of the SVO order).
Amb Tanmateix, no analitza els casos tot, no analitza els casos en que en que els clitics serien els clitics serien optatius, o optatius, o fins i tot, fins i tot, obligatoris.
Nevins (2010) analyzes object markers as pronominal clitics which form part of a big DP structure.