closed-chain

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Related to Closed kinetic chain exercises: open kinetic chain
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Adj.1.closed-chain - having atoms linked by bonds represented in circular or triangular form
cyclic - of a compound having atoms arranged in a ring structure
References in periodicals archive ?
Additionally, for ethical reasons, the patients in the control group were not prevented from performing walking exercises, which can be considered to be a type of closed kinetic chain exercises.
Over the past 10 years, isokinetics has become the exercise modality of choice for rehabilitating the lower extremity; however, a review of literature indicates that closed kinetic chain exercises have advantages over open kinetic chain exercises.