Clostridium botulinum

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Noun1.Clostridium botulinum - anaerobic bacterium producing botulin the toxin that causes botulism
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
genus Clostridium - anaerobic or micro-aerophilic rod-shaped or spindle-shaped saprophytes; nearly cosmopolitan in soil, animal intestines, and dung
References in periodicals archive ?
Scientists used a range of methods - all came back negative for clostridium botulinum," said acting MPI director General Scott Gallacher.
Fonterra, the largest dairy firm in New Zealand, triggered panic across its global portfolio after it reported having found traces of the bacteria Clostridium botulinum in some of its products at the beginning of August.
However, New Zealand's Ministry of Primary Industries said a barrage of tests ordered after it sounded the alarm had confirmed the contaminant was not the potentially fatal clostridium botulinum, but a milder bug called clostridium sporogenes.
Mariam Al-Hajiri, stated that the milk powder (Similac Gain Plus) for three-year olds imported for the Kingdom of Bahrain's local markets from Irish and not New Zealand origins, and after laboratory testing of specimens was found to be free from the toxic clostridium botulinum bacteria, and she assured citizens and residents that according to the World Health Organization (WHO)'s that bacteria-contaminated milk had been exported to the following countries: Australia, Colombia, China, Malaysia, New Zealand, KSA, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
Fonterra said last week some of its whey protein, used in baby formula, food and sports drinks, produced in May 2012 was found to be contaminated with the bacterium clostridium botulinum.
The New Zealand-based company said over the weekend it had discovered a strain of bacteria - Clostridium botulinum - in its whey protein that can cause botulism.
The company said it had notified the eight customers which purchased New Zealand-made whey protein concentrate contaminated with Clostridium Botulinum, and may have used the ingredient in the production of infant formula, sports drinks, and other products.
Botulism is a serious, paralytic illness caused by the action of neurotoxins, usually produced by Clostridium botulinum.
Foodborne botulism, a notifiable disease in Canada, results from the ingestion of foods contaminated with preformed botulinum neurotoxin types A, B, E, or F, produced by Clostridium botulinum groups I and II (1).
Botulinum toxin type B is a protein produced by the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum type B.
Polyphenols have also been shown to inactivate toxins produced by Clostridium botulinum which, in addition to being used as a cosmetic (botox), has also been developed as a potential biological weapon.
A study at Liverpool University funded by The Home of Rest For Horses has revealed grass sickness is strongly associated with low antibody levels to the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.

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