cochineal(redirected from Coccus cacti)
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coch·i·neal(kŏch′ə-nēl′, kŏch′ə-nēl′, kō′chə-, kō′chə-)
1. A red colorant, whose primary constituent is carminic acid, that is made of the dried and pulverized bodies of female cochineal insects and is used to color food and cosmetics.
2. A vivid red.
[French cochenille, from Spanish cochinilla, cochineal insect, probably from Vulgar Latin *coccinella, from feminine diminutive of Latin coccinus, scarlet, from Greek kokkinos, from kokkos, seed, grain, dried female kermes insect (used in making scarlet dye), of unknown origin.]
1. (Animals) Also called: cochineal insect a Mexican homopterous insect, Dactylopius coccus, that feeds on cacti
2. (Cookery) a crimson substance obtained from the crushed bodies of these insects, used for colouring food and for dyeing
3. (Dyeing) a crimson substance obtained from the crushed bodies of these insects, used for colouring food and for dyeing
a. the colour of this dye
b. (as adjective): cochineal shoes.
[C16: from Old Spanish cochinilla, from Latin coccineus scarlet-coloured, from coccum cochineal kermes, from Greek kokkos kermes berry]
coch•i•neal(ˌkɒtʃ əˈnil, ˌkoʊ tʃə-, ˈkɒtʃ əˌnil, ˈkoʊ tʃə-)
a red dye prepared from the dried bodies of the females of the cochineal insect, Dactylopius coccus, which lives on cactuses of warm regions.
[1575–85; < Middle French cochinille < Sp cochinilla the insect; of obscure orig.]
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|Noun||1.||cochineal - a red dyestuff consisting of dried bodies of female cochineal insects|
|2.||cochineal - Mexican red scale insect that feeds on cacti; the source of a red dye|
scale insect - small homopterous insect that usually lives and feeds on plants and secretes a protective waxy covering