coelacanth

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coelacanth
Latimeria chalumnae

coe·la·canth

 (sē′lə-kănth′)
n.
Any of various mostly extinct lobe-finned fishes of the group Coelacanthiformes or Actinistia, known only in fossil form until a living species, Latimeria chalumnae, was identified in 1938. A second Latimeria species was described in 1999.

[New Latin Coelacanthus, former genus name : Greek koilos, hollow; see -coel + Greek akantha, spine (in reference to the hollow spines of the fins).]

coe′la·can′thine′ (-kăn′thīn′, -thĭn) adj.
coe′la·can′thous (-thəs) adj.

coelacanth

(ˈsiːləˌkænθ)
n
(Animals) a primitive marine bony fish of the genus Latimeria (subclass Crossopterygii), having fleshy limblike pectoral fins and occurring off the coast of E Africa: thought to be extinct until a living specimen was discovered in 1938
[C19: from New Latin coelacanthus, literally: hollow spine, from coel- + Greek akanthos spine]

coe•la•canth

(ˈsi ləˌkænθ)

n.
a heavy, hollow-spined fish, Latimeria chalumnae, of deep S African coastal seas, that crawls on the sea bottom with lobed, limblike fins: a living fossil of the order Crossopterygii, considered forerunners of the land vertebrates.
[1860–65; < New Latin Coelacanthus orig. a genus name =coel- coel- + Greek -akanthos -spined, adj. derivative of ákantha spine, thorn]
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coelacanth

coe·la·canth

(sē′lə-kănth′)
Any of various fish having lobed, fleshy fins. They are the only living varieties of an ancient order of lobe-finned fish. Coelacanths were thought to be extinct until a living species was discovered in 1938.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.coelacanth - fish thought to have been extinct since the Cretaceous period but found in 1938 off the coast of Africacoelacanth - fish thought to have been extinct since the Cretaceous period but found in 1938 off the coast of Africa
crossopterygian, lobefin, lobe-finned fish - any fish of the order Crossopterygii; most known only in fossil form
genus Latimeria, Latimeria - type genus of the Latimeridae: coelacanth
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
This glimpse into the early life history of ancient coelacanths raises further questions about the life history of the modern coelacanth, Latimeria, which is known to bear live young, but whether they, too, are clustered in nurseries remains unknown," explains Coates.
Yet more subfamilies (Aqp15 and -16) have been identified in non-mammalian vertebrates, including lampreys (Hyperoartia), sharks (Chondrichthyes), ray-finned fishes (Actinopterygii), coelacanths (Actinistia), frogs (Amphibia), alligators (Crocodylia), and turtles (Testudines) (Finn et al.
A vast river network there had once nourished coelacanths, sharks, crocodile-like predators and dinosaurs.
At the time, a variety of aquatic life populated the system, including large sharks, coelacanths, lungfish and crocodile-like creatures, along with giant flying reptiles and predatory dinosaurs.
Coelacanths resemble the fossilised skeletons of their ancestors from more than 300-million years ago (Figure 2).
Coelacanths are native to the Comoro Islands, and the ROM was fortunate to acquire a frozen specimen from the New York Aquarium's 1985 expedition there.
Sadly, coelacanths are no longer caught at all by sports anglers (except, of course, by your humble columnist here, who catches lots of big ones).
After "Monster on Campus," which screened in July, movie-goers got to see the several species of preserved coelacanths.
Many enthusiasts, motivated by studies of paranormal phenomena, the discovery of large animals unknown to science in times when it was thought all major vertebrates were discovered, such as the okapi (Okapia johnstoni), or discovery of species belonging to groups long thought extinct such as coelacanths (Latimeria spp.
Since 2005, we have heard of about 36 cases where coelacanths have been caught in Tanzania,'' Jiddawi said.