cognate

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cog·nate

 (kŏg′nāt′)
adj.
1. Related by blood; having a common ancestor.
2. Related in origin, as certain words in genetically related languages descended from the same ancestral root; for example, English name and Latin nōmen from Indo-European *nō̆-men-.
3. Related or analogous in nature, character, or function.
n.
1. One related by blood or origin with another, especially a person sharing an ancestor with another.
2. A word related to one in another language.
3. A sequence of university courses taken as an adjunct to a graduate degree program: earned an MA in linguistics with a cognate in computer science.

[Latin cognātus : co-, co- + gnātus, born, past participle of nāscī, to be born; see genə- in Indo-European roots.]

cog·na′tion n.

cognate

(ˈkɒɡneɪt)
adj
1. akin; related: cognate languages.
2. (Law) related by blood or descended from a common maternal ancestor. Compare agnate
3. (Grammar) cognate object grammar a noun functioning as the object of a verb to which it is etymologically related, as in think a thought or sing a song
n
something that is cognate with something else
[C17: from Latin cognātus, from co- same + gnātus born, variant of nātus, past participle of nāscī to be born]
ˈcognately adv
ˈcognateness n
cogˈnation n

cog•nate

(ˈkɒg neɪt)

adj.
1. related by birth; of the same parentage or descent.
2. descended from the same language or form: such cognate languages as French and Spanish.
3. allied or similar in nature or quality.
n.
4. a person or thing cognate with another.
5. a cognate word: The English word cold is a cognate of German kalt.
[1635–45; < Latin cognātus=co- co- + -gnātus, past participle of (g)nāscī to be born]
cog′nate•ly, adv.
cog′nate•ness, n.

cognate

a relation through descent on the female side. Cf. agnate. — cognate, — cognatic, adj.
See also: Relationship
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cognate - one related by blood or origin; especially on sharing an ancestor with another
relative, relation - a person related by blood or marriage; "police are searching for relatives of the deceased"; "he has distant relations back in New Jersey"
2.cognate - a word is cognate with another if both derive from the same word in an ancestral language
word - a unit of language that native speakers can identify; "words are the blocks from which sentences are made"; "he hardly said ten words all morning"
Adj.1.cognate - related in nature; "connate qualities"
related, related to - being connected either logically or causally or by shared characteristics ; "painting and the related arts"; "school-related activities"; "related to micelle formation is the...ability of detergent actives to congregate at oil-water interfaces"
2.cognate - having the same ancestral language; "cognate languages"
linguistics - the scientific study of language
related, related to - being connected either logically or causally or by shared characteristics ; "painting and the related arts"; "school-related activities"; "related to micelle formation is the...ability of detergent actives to congregate at oil-water interfaces"
3.cognate - related by bloodcognate - related by blood      
related - connected by kinship, common origin, or marriage

cognate

adjective related, similar, allied, associated, connected, alike, affiliated, akin, analogous, kindred Apocalypticism and millennialism are cognate theological terms.

cognate

adjective
Connected by or as if by kinship or common origin:
Translations

cognate

[ˈkɒgneɪt]
A. ADJcognado (with con) → afín
B. Ncognado m

cognate

adjverwandt; (Ling) → urverwandt
n (Ling) → urverwandtes Wort, urverwandte Sprache; “night” is a cognate of “Nacht”night“ ist mit „Nachtverwandt

cognate

n. cognado, palabra que proviene del mismo tronco o raíz;
a. cognado-a, de la misma naturaleza o calidad.
References in classic literature ?
Whether that Artificer of things, The origin of a better world, made him from the divine seed; Or the earth, being recent and lately sundered from the high Ether, retained some seeds of cognate heaven.
And the habit which is concerned with geometry and the cognate sciences I suppose that you would term understanding and not reason, as being intermediate between opinion and reason.
Wherever a word could be assigned to a sure or probable source, this was done, and it was then removed from the working list, except for Dravidian cognates.
The first 15 pages yielded many cognates, strong to weak, but most share a common prefix, either ab- (from) or ad- (to).
In Part V of The Event Heidegger thinks these dimensions (abyss, beyng, Da-seyn, humans, gods, being and beings) along with cognates of the word Ereignis (Vereignung, Ubereignung, Zueignung, Aneignung, Ent-eignung, and so forth).
Several researchers have commented on the effective use of cognates (Garcia & Nagy, 1993; Nagy, Garcia, Durgunolgu, & Hancin-Bhatt, 1993).
mean'die', whereas the Finnic cognates are derived adjectives such as Fi jamea and jamakka with meanings such as 'stiff' and 'sturdy'.
One year before that Alo Raun had published a small reference book, that in a very concise style gives in one line the origin of the word and a few cognates (Raun 1982).
To show this, he examines the words for household and cognates in their concrete and symbolic contexts, assuming little or no continuity between cultures or time periods.
Using an algorithm known as the Markov chain Monte Carlo sampler, the program sorted through sets of cognates - words in different languages that share a common sound, history and origin - to calculate the odds of which set is derived from which proto-language.
The researchers produced possible language trees based on estimated rates at which languages gained and lost cognates.
In Bulgaria the day is also the name day of persons bearing the widespread name Maria, and cognates like Mario, Mariana.