While it may not be possible to identify with certainty a link between the Colossian
heresy and any single known religious group of the ancient Mediterranean world, we can identify what the author of Colossians
regards as dangerous.
shows that Paul's emphasis in the early chapters of Colossians
on the full sufficiency of Christ functions primarily as the basis for Paul's later exhortation to the Colossian
Christians to live morally renewed lives in fulfillment of their baptismal identity.
When he writes to the Colossian
church he is not foolish enough to suppose that they are unaware of "Greek and Jew, circumcised and uncircumcised, barbarian, Scythian, slave and free.
and Ephesian Haustafeln in theological context; an analysis of their origins, relationship, and message.
A gnostic heresy, which may have been troubling the Colossian
church (2:8, 16-23), held that the pleroma was the whole body of heavenly powers and emanations that flow from God.
His analysis of the hymns in Philippians and Colossians
is valid for Paul, but more evidence is needed to draw conclusions for all of early Christology.
She examines marriage and women in First Corinthians, marriage in Colossians
and Ephesians, women in the Pastoral Epistles, and marriage and women and feminine imagery in a selection of Nag Hammadi texts.
Will Deming, a theology professor at the University of Portland, cites the book of Job and Saint Paul's Letter to the Colossians
- both puzzling texts, to be sure," he says.
In the words of Colossians
, "Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly; teach and admonish one another in all wisdom; and with gratitude in your hearts sing psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs to God" (Col 3:16 NRSV).
A critical and exegetical commentary on Colossians
He is mentioned only briefly in verse 24 of Philemon, 2 Timothy 4:11 and in Colossians
4:14, which lists him with a number of Gentile Christians.
A post-Pauline author begins the letter to the Colossians
addressing the believers with a typical greeting of grace and peace.