How would the history of the US gay and lesbian left of the 1970s through the 1990s look if it began with the politics and activism of these people of color groups and others, such as the Combahee
River Collective (1977/1981): A Black Feminist Statement, en C.
In 1974, the Boston-based Combahee
River Collective made a splash across radical feminism when black women, especially but not only lesbians, announced that they were tired of being left out of analyses.
For example, Jennifer Nash's (2013) work traces the long history of black feminist activism and the mobilization of love (Collins, 2004; Combahee
River Collective, 1983; hooks, 2000; Jordan, 1978), outlining the complex ways in which love is utilized in these political movements.
She scouted out the lay of the land over 25 miles along the Combahee
River, which was filled with mines.
The literature often identifies the Afro-American lesbian feminists of the Combahee
River Collective and their 1978 manifesto as the starting point of this discussion, although these activists acknowledged that 'there have always been Black women activists --some known, like Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman, Frances E.
Women of color, largely on the margins of the Women's Liberation Movement, created their own collective spaces to meet other women who loved women, such as The Combahee
River Collective and SALSA Soul Sisters.
Carolina, located in the Ashepoo, Combahee
, and South Edisto (ACE)
As is surely well known, it was Afro-American feminists who introduced the concept of intersectionality into feminist theory in their critique of white feminists' color blindness and their endeavor to make their specific experience of exploitation and discrimination visible (see Combahee
River Collective Statement 1977, Cremshaw 1989, hooks 1981).
Yet, intersectional scholars have long argued that contextualized systems of domination must be studied for a fully intersectional understanding of experience (Collins, 1990/2010; Combahee
River Collective, 1977/2010; Davis, 1983; Glenn, 2002; hooks, 1984; Jordan, 1985/2010; Mohanty, 2006; Reagon, 1983; Shields, 2008; Warner, 2008).
She was also the first woman in American military history to plan and conduct an armed expedition--the Combahee
River raid, which liberated more than 700 slaves.
Historicamente, suele atribuirse al Combahee
River Collective (1)