complementizer

(redirected from Complementiser)

com·ple·men·tiz·er

 (kŏm′plə-mĕn-tī′zər)
n.
A word that introduces a clause, especially a subordinate clause, such as the word that in I believe that they have eaten lunch.

complementizer

(ˈkɒmplɪmənˌtaɪzə)
n
(Grammar) generative grammar a word or morpheme that serves to introduce a complement clause or a reduced form of such a clause, as that in I wish that he would leave

com•ple•men•tiz•er

(ˈkɒm plə mənˌtaɪ zər)

n.
(in generative grammar) an element or elements marking a complement clause, as that in We thought that you forgot or for … to in For you to come here would be silly.
Translations
complémenteur
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Now, the structure is likewise ungrammatical if the complementiser if, which is typically analysed as such C head, is used instead of whether, a situation that would be justified (see Radford 1997: 301) through resort to the presence of a null operator in Spec, CP--note (23).
to be Some verbs in non-finite clauses may drop the complementiser to plus the following copula be (Dixon 2005: 53, 251- 254).
Treating the highest position of a clause as an interface between syntax and discourse, the domain that wh-movement and Tense movement target as a landing site was considered to fall into the universal categorisation of complementiser.
As far as complementation is concerned, Aleppo Domari makes use of the Arabic complementiser inno, as shown in (36a).
These three types of lexical derivation are illustrated, respectively by figures 1-3, based on Beard (1995, 2005) [where NP stands for Noun Phrase, C for Complementiser, CP for Complementiser Phrase, IP for Inflectional Phrase and VP for Verb Phrase; the basic parallel is with a sentence, in which IP contains a word level category such as will, must, etc.
This complementiser is sometimes obligatory--meaning that the sentence will be ungrammatical if it is left out--and sometimes optional--meaning that the sentence will be grammatical with or without it.
Thus one might say that, in English, sentence types with at least one of (a) rising intonation; (b) AUX moved into initial complementiser position; or (c) appropriate do-insertion has interrogatival force.
The presence or absence of the complementiser in an embedded clause such as (I) often goes unnoticed and seems not to have any semantic or syntactic consequences.
Taking the label of the embedded clause to be the Complementiser C, a standard assumption (e.
These three types of lexical derivation are illustrated, respectively by figures 3-5, based on Beard (1995, 2005) [where NP stands for Noun Phrase, C for Complementiser, CP for Complementiser Phrase, IP for Inflectional Phrase and VP for Verb Phrase; the basic parallel is with a sentence, in which IP contains a word level category such as will, must, etc.
They also point out that for many speakers the complementiser is not optional in the kind of subjunctive sentence we have been looking at.
Each of them makes different predictions concerning the possibility of separating the pronominal subject from the finite verb (in main clauses with inversion) and from the complementiser (in subordinate clauses).