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 (hī′drō-sĕf′ə-ləs) also hy·dro·ceph·a·ly (-lē)
A usually congenital condition in which an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the cerebral ventricles causes enlargement of the skull and compression of the brain, destroying much of the neural tissue.

[New Latin, from Greek hudrokephalon : hudro-, hydro- + kephalē, head; see ghebh-el- in Indo-European roots.]

hy′dro·ce·phal′ic (-sə-făl′ĭk), hy′dro·ceph′a·loid′ (-loid′), hy′dro·ceph′a·lous (-ləs) adj.


(ˌhaɪdrəʊˈsɛfələs) or


(Pathology) accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain because its normal outlet has been blocked by congenital malformation or disease. In infancy it usually results in great enlargement of the head. Nontechnical name: water on the brain
hydrocephalic, ˌhydroˈcephaloid, ˌhydroˈcephalous adj


(ˌhaɪ drəˈsɛf ə ləs)

also hy`dro•ceph′a•ly,

an accumulation of serous fluid within the cranium, esp. in infancy, due to obstruction of the movement of cerebrospinal fluid, often causing great enlargement of the head; water on the brain.
[1660–70; < Late Latin hydrocephalus (morbus) water-headed (sickness), translation of Greek tò hydroképhalon páthos. See hydro-1, -cephalous]
hy•dro•ce•phal•ic (ˌhaɪ droʊ səˈfæl ɪk) adj., n.
hy`dro•ceph′a•lous, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hydrocephalus - an abnormal condition in which cerebrospinal fluid collects in the ventricles of the brain; in infants it can cause abnormally rapid growth of the head and bulging fontanelles and a small face; in adults the symptoms are primarily neurological
abnormalcy, abnormality - an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies


[ˌhaɪdrəʊˈsefələs] Nhidrocefalia f


n. hidrocéfalo, acumulación de líquido cefalorraquídeo en los ventrículos del cerebro.


n hidrocefalia; normal pressure — hidrocefalia normotensiva
References in periodicals archive ?
Both Zohdi and El-Refaee expect a relationship between hydrocephalus and spina bifida (a condition in newborn when the spinal cord does not form properly), because congenital hydrocephalus is often accompanied by Chiari II Syndrome, a malformation that includes both spina bifida and hydrocephalus.
Given the paucity of literature on this subject, the present study is an attempt to evaluate the maternal risk factors in the aetiology of congenital hydrocephalus.
Little Penny Casey was born six weeks early and suffers from congenital hydrocephalus, which sees her muscles stiffen, meaning she struggles to walk independently.
Methods: The quasi-experimental study was conducted at the Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from January 2012 to June 2014, and comprised infants of both genders who presented late with congenital hydrocephalus, having fronto-occipital circumference more than 98 percentile of matched age group.
In another recent study (19), in severe congenital hydrocephalus and hydranencephaly, CPC stabilizes macrocephaly in approximately 40% of infants with and can be considered as an alternative to VPS placement.
In 2003, the top one was NTDs, followed by polydactylism, congenital hydrocephalus, cleft lip with cleft palate, simple cleft lip, and CHD.
Congenital hydrocephalus has been described in various animal species including cattle (Sharda and Ingole, 2002), buffalo (Bugalia et al, 1990) mare (Sharma, 1996) and camel (Abubakr et al.
Cellular mechanisms involved in the stenosis and obliteration of the cerebral aqueduct of hyh mutant mice developing congenital hydrocephalus," Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, vol.
Neural tube defects and congenital hydrocephalus in the Sultanate of Oman.
The etiology of hydrocephalus was intraventricular hemorrhage in 11, meningomyelocele in 4, congenital hydrocephalus in 3 patients.
In the past we have seen patients with congenital hydrocephalus but we have not seen this big a head before.

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