It is the first major comparison of two power-sharing designs - consociationalism
and centripetalism - and it assesses a number of cases central to the debate, including Nigeria, Sri Lanka, Fiji, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burundi and Northern Ireland.
Western Europe: A Comparative Analysis of Regional Consociationalism
More on democracy, we encounter Adisa Avdic-kusmus article Democracy in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Moving Beyond Dayton, an exploratory intervention on the Bosniac political system, international protectorate, threatened consociationalism
In the second republic (after World War II), Austria is considered to be a classic example of consociationalism
(Fallend, 2010; Melchior, 2005).
However, Lijphart's book, and his prior work on consociationalism
, imply that his version of consensus democracy is designed to foster the inclusion of different religious, linguistic, or ethnic communities.
suggests homogenous units, the centripetalism stresses for heterogeneous units.
Institutionalizing the communal divide, the consociationalism
also created electoral incentives for nationalist and unionist political parties to maintain nationalistunionist cleavage structures and political competition based on ethnic divides.
Lebanon gained sovereignty but its fundamental error was to settle on Consociationalism
, a political system in which power is shared along confessional lines that Sykes-Picot encouraged because its authors believed that Arabs were not ready to adopt democracy.
can be considered illiberal in its inclination to confine individuals within groups, the Nationalistes' intention was to ensure that French Canadians as a group should be protected; in this it was "ostensibly liberal" (Gray 2000:128).
and Secession, Routledge, Abingdon/New York, 2015.
The chapter also offers an overview of other theories of integration as such functionalism, neofunctionalism, theories of interdependence, structural neorealism, institutionalism, neoliberalism, consociationalism
, theories of governance or constructivism (5).
The complex structures of state organization of B&H can (irrespective of international interventionism aimed at achieving peace) ultimately be subsumed under those models that a number of scholars define as consociationalism