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Related to Consociationalism: centripetalism


1. Friendly or cooperative association, as between groups or organizations.
2. Ecology A subdivision of an association having one dominant species of plant.
3. A political arrangement in which various groups, such as ethnic or racial populations within a country or region, share power according to an agreed formula or mechanism.

con·so′ci·a′tion·al adj.


(kənˌsoʊ siˈeɪ ʃən, -ʃi-)

1. the act of uniting in association.
2. an association of churches or religious orders.
3. a climax community in which one species is dominant.
[1585–95; < Latin]


 a confederation of churches or religious bodies; an alliance or confederation.
Examples: consociation of acts of providence, 1645; of churches, 1646; of many of the worst acts, 1649; of good spirits, 1656; of tribes for plunder or defence, 1804.
References in periodicals archive ?
Belgium: Consociationalism and the politics of representative bureaucracy
In the power sharing method which is also called consociationalism (13), the positions in the system are distributed among the major ethnic elites who are supposed to control the ethnic community.
Consociationalism suggests a model of democracy that is based on equitable representation when fractionalization and societal exclusion are high.
Lebanon's confessional system of government espouses a form of consociationalism, which guarantees group representation, with the highest offices proportionately reserved for certain religious communities.
Sur les applications africaines, voir Jacques Djoli Eseng'Ekeli, Le constitutionnalisme africain entre la gestion des heritages et l'invention du futur : L'exemple congolais, these de doctorat en droit, Universite de Paris 1, 2003 aux pp 384 et s [non publiee] ; Pierre Moukoko Mbonjo, << Pluralisme socio-politique et democratie en Afrique : L'approche consociationnelle ou du Power-Sharing >> (1993) 15 Afrique 2000 39 ; Roger J Southall, << Consociationalism in South Africa : the Buthelez Commission and Beyond >> (1983) 21 : 1 Journal of Modern African Studies 77.
in fact, incorporate some measure of consociationalism, providing for
The coexistence and interaction of neo-functionalism, consociationalism, intergovernmentalism and multi-level governance is impossible to be found in another part of the world.
Jonathan Chaplin), and empirical scholarship on consociationalism and Christian Democracy in Europe.
Consociationalism is often associated with Arend Lijphart's articulation of a non-territorial based system of decentralized power.
Poorly crafted consociationalism also has left the fiscal responsibilities of the regions unclear.
The central argument of consociationalism is that elite cooperation can successfully overcome the flaws of traditional decision-making by majority.