Coriolis force


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Related to Coriolis force: Coriolis acceleration

Coriolis force

n.
A pseudo force used mathematically to describe motion, as of aircraft or cloud formations, relative to a noninertial, uniformly rotating frame of reference such as the earth.

[After Gaspard G. de Coriolis (1792-1843), French mathematician.]

Coriolis force

(ˌkɒrɪˈəʊlɪs)
n
(Astronomy) a fictitious force used to explain a deflection in the path of a body moving in latitude relative to the earth when observed from the earth. The deflection (Coriolis effect) is due to the earth's rotation and is to the east when the motion is towards a pole
[C19: named after Gaspard G. Coriolis (1792–1843), French civil engineer]

Coriolis force

The tendency of the Earth’s rotation to turn winds and currents to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern hemisphere.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Coriolis force - (physics) a force due to the earth's rotation; acts on a body in motion (airplane or projectile) in a rotating reference frame; in a rotating frame of reference Newton's second law of motion can be made to apply if in addition to the real forces acting on a body a Coriolis force and a centrifugal force are introduced
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
force - (physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity; "force equals mass times acceleration"
References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for Procurement of Coriolis force demonstrator apparatus
The drift of icebergs in the open ocean is typically largely determined by the balance of the forces illustrated here: drags exerted by surface winds and ocean currents (acting at a horizontal angle [phi] to each other), the Coriolis force associated with the iceberg's velocity, and the pressure gradient force associated with the sea surface slope, [theta].
This air is deflected eastward in the northern hemisphere due to the Coriolis force, and we soon end up with a river of air moving west-to-east.
The intensity of the Coriolis force is based on latitude--nil at the equator and increasing toward the poles.
The influence of the Coriolis force is higher, the higher high-water watercourse [10].
The rotation parameter R defines the relative magnitude of the Coriolis force and the viscous force in the regime.
Coriolis force will move the bullet some amount as well depending on the direction of the shot and in which hemisphere it is taken.
The mathematical expression for the Coriolis force appeared in an 1835 paper by the French scientist Gaspard Gustave Coriolis, in connection with the theory of water wheels.
In order to see the effects of centripetal force, Coriolis force and the crack existence, the results have been exemplified for various values of the parameters.
According to one model, the rapid rotation of the neutron star prevents the burning material from spreading, just as the rotation of the Earth contributes to the formation of hurricanes via the Coriolis force.
The mentioned sensors use the Coriolis force which acts on the particle moving with certain speed in a rotating non-inertial reference system and which is directly proportional to the absolute value of the angular velocity vector of this system (Stollmann, 2007).
where A is the block diagonal part of S, which stems from the convective and diffusive terms, and M is the off-diagonal part of S due to the discretized Coriolis force term 2[omega] x u.