Cornish engine


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a single-acting pumping engine, used in mines, in Cornwall and elsewhere, and for water works. A heavy pump rod or plunger, raised by the steam, forces up the water by its weight, in descending.

See also: Cornish

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Cornish engine, a type of steam engine that was developed in the 18th century in England for pumping water from a mine, was also a result of information sharing and innovative IP arrangements.
This was the path followed by James Whitburn, a Cornish engine man, who sailed from Swansea in June 1836, accompanied by his uncle, another engine man, and his 15-year-old son.
The site contains remains of over 200 iconic Cornish engine houses; the largest concentration of such monuments anywhere in the world, according to Cornish Mining, the official Web site of the historical site.
Local MP Wayne David nominated the Bedwas history group for its work restoring and maintaining the 1868 Cornish Engine House, which was formerly part of Bryngwyn Colliery in Bedwas.
Set in a peaceful location with wildlife pond and small meandering stream the cottage boasts views of the unmistakable old Cornish engine houses in thedistance.
Clive Engine House at Dyserth, which dates from 1860, is said to be one of the best preserved examples of a Cornish engine house in Wales.
The Grade II listed Cornish Engine House in Bedwas has had its future secured after a long campaign to save it by local historians and conservationists.
The site also includes remains of one of the oldest Cornish Engine Houses still existing in Britain.
The oldest variant on display is the Boulton and Watt West Cornish engine, built in 1820.
Anthony O'Sullivan, county environmental director, said: "The inverted Cornish engine house was once the unique centrepiece of the thriving Bryngwyn Colliery to which Bedwas owes its initial growth.
Kew Bridge Steam Museum in west London, awarded an Engineering Heritage Award in July 1997, is one such example and today is home to a remarkable collection of operating Cornish engines, the largest of which has a 90in (229cm) cylinder bore.