Dionysian music, played by Maenads or Corybants
, strident and unsettling, supposedly healed the souls of lunatics, of those who had lost themselves in madness, by an excess of frenzy and controlled dementia (hieromania
Each of them is connected to a foundational myth and at least three elements (circularity, leaps, and weapon handling) are "motivated" mythically: "within the god welcoming courtyard, the tripping Corybants
would surround Dionysos with their child-cherishing dance, and clash their swords and strike their shields with rebounding steel in alternate movements, to conceal the growing boyhood of Dionysos" (Nonnos 9, 315).
38) If we recall that the Corybants
and the Curetes were often confused, we can see again an overall 'Orphic' concern for all these daimones.
Such inauthentic authority cannot command our rational assent, but must induce obedience by unleashing the irrational frenzy of desire, as Socrates indicates by telling Crito that "these are the words I seem to hear, as the Corybants
seem to hear the music of their flutes, and the echo of these words resounds in me, and makes it impossible for me to hear anything else.
The mythological title, meaning, redundantly, "Unrestrained Ecstasies," refers to the Corybants
, spirits associated with the goddess Cybele.
or CorybantesGreek Korybant-, Korybas
You are given wine that fresh clipped wool would refuse to suck up and which soon converts your revellers into Corybants
Nonnus portrays Dionysus as one who made groups of followers come into being (leaders bring certain contingents to his army in Books 13 and 14 but some groups, like the Corybants
, just come, presumably to enjoy dancing with Dionysus) and were left to find their own rewards from following him, such as transcending their own alienation and insignificance and emulating his behavior and values.