counterfactual

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coun·ter·fac·tu·al

 (koun′tər-făk′cho͞o-əl)
adj.
Running contrary to the facts: "Cold war historiography vividly illustrates how the selection of the counterfactual question to be asked generally anticipates the desired answer" (Timothy Garton Ash).

coun′ter·fac′tu·al n.

counterfactual

(ˌkauntəˈfæktʃʊəl) logic
adj
(Logic) expressing what has not happened but could, would, or might under differing conditions
n
(Logic) a conditional statement in which the first clause is a past tense subjunctive statement expressing something contrary to fact, as in: if she had hurried she would have caught the bus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.counterfactual - going counter to the facts (usually as a hypothesis)
conditional - imposing or depending on or containing a condition; "conditional acceptance of the terms"; "lent conditional support"; "the conditional sale will not be complete until the full purchase price is paid"

counterfactual

adjective
References in periodicals archive ?
Causation leads to counterfactuals, and counterfactuals lead to fantasy and the whole domain of the imagination.
of counterfactuals in the law that will follow, so that we can
What political counterfactuals will today's result spawn?
This paper examines a recent argument against dispositionalism that purports to show that the intrinsicality of that relation cannot be maintained, due to the ceteris paribus nature of the counterfactuals that dispositions make-true.
Because accurate data about price and demand are essential to the construction of the scenarios and counterfactuals used by DECC to determine which sources of biomass are most beneficial for decarbonizing UK electricity supplies, the inaccuracies seriously undermine the report's conclusions.
8) In other words, counterfactuals should and could use the notion of ceteris paribus, but it would have to be called all other things considered, not all other things unchanged.
It's 20 chapters are presented in three sections, discussing "methods" and the associated topics of truth, objectivity, feasibility and desirability, facts and principles, and realism and idealism; "tools" and questions of politics/metaphysics, counterfactuals, justification, the right and the good, trade-off, and means/ends; and "topics," including liberty, equality, community, justice, pluralism, public discourse, agreement/disagreement, and exclusion/assimilation.
In causation, they say, causal powers are 'passed on', and in contrast to the myriad of previous analyses of causation, it cannot be reduced to counterfactuals, or to anything else.
Then Daniel Carpenter (Harvard University) addresses "Capitalism, Counterfactuals, and the National State: Reflections on Richard White's Railroaded," followed by Steven W.
Analyzes narrative counterfactuals in "The Snows of Kilimanjaro" examining these unrealized scenarios in three distinct storytelling modes: the dialogue and focalization representing the narrative present set in Africa, the italicized vignettes representing the main character's thoughts, and the two endings representing a false rescue and the protagonist's death.
The broader, Lucas critique-type question, concerning the impact of the state of the economy on the nature of policy rules is beyond the scope of these counterfactuals.