cowpox

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Related to Cowpox virus: smallpox virus, Monkeypox virus, vaccinia virus

cow·pox

 (kou′pŏks′)
n.
A mild contagious skin disease of cattle, usually affecting the udder, that is caused by a virus and characterized by the eruption of a pustular rash. When the virus is transmitted to humans, as by vaccination, it can confer immunity to smallpox. Also called vaccinia.

cowpox

(ˈkaʊˌpɒks)
n
(Veterinary Science) a contagious viral disease of cows characterized by vesicles on the skin, esp on the teats and udder. Inoculation of humans with this virus provides temporary immunity to smallpox. It can be transmitted to other species, esp cats

cow•pox

(ˈkaʊˌpɒks)

n.
a mild disease of cattle, now rare, characterized by a pustular rash on the teats and udder, caused by a poxvirus that was formerly used for smallpox vaccinations.
[1790–1800]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cowpox - a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox
pox - a contagious disease characterized by purulent skin eruptions that may leave pock marks
animal disease - a disease that typically does not affect human beings
Translations

cowpox

[ˈkaʊpɒks] Nvacuna f

cowpox

[ˈkaʊˌpɒks] nvaiolo bovino
References in periodicals archive ?
Other orthopoxviruses can infect multiple animal species; for example cowpox virus (CPXV) has been observed on multiple occasions to spill over from its natural reservoir (presumably small wild rodents) to a wide variety of accidental hosts, including humans (4).
Vaccine comes from the Latin for cow, vacca, as Dr Edward Jenner is famously said to have used the cowpox virus to inoculate an eight-year-old boy, his gardener's son, against deadly smallpox in one of the most ethically dubious, but successful, experiments in history.
8) After making its way to Europe in the mid-18th century, this practice would fall into disfavor in 1796 when Edward Jenner developed a new method of preventing smallpox after observing that the less harmful cowpox virus, often contracted by milkmaids, could impart lasting immunity to smallpox.
Starting today, 36 experts from 22 countries across Europe will be trained at the International Atomic Energy Agencys laboratories on how to quickly detect lumpy skin disease a highly infectious cowpox virus that is spreading through herds on the continent.
Although these data indicate the presence of risk, it is difficult to quantify the absolute number of persons at risk for occupational exposure to orthopoxviruses because the size of the population at risk is not known and vaccinia virus and cowpox virus exposures and infections among this population are not notifiable events.
Edward Jenner used the cowpox virus to shield us from smallpox.
When Edward Jenner first published his finding in 1798 that the immunization of individuals with cowpox virus would produce mild disease and render full protection from smallpox, rumors emerged that people would develop horns like cows from the inoculation.
2 The first vaccine was named after vaccinia, the cowpox virus.
Cowpox virus has been shown to transmit from pet rats to humans (Campe et al.
The new study employs a partially disabled cowpox virus dubbed JX-594 that does not produce full-blown symptoms of the skin disease.
Viral inhibition of inflammation: cowpox virus encodes an inhibitor of the interleukin-1 beta converting enzyme.
Government officials in Nagasaki and on the island of Kyushu were in close contact with the officials of the Dutch East India Company and asked the Dutch to import cowpox virus from Batavia, which they did in the fall of 1849.