cranioscopy


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cranioscopy

(ˌkreɪnɪˈɒskɒpɪ)
n
(Physiology) obsolete the study of the features of the human skull

cranioscopy

the observation, examination, and description of the human skull. — cranioscopist, n.cranioscopic, cranioscopical, adj.
See also: Head
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Attacked early on (by Goethe, Lichtenberg, and Hegel, among others) for its insistence that the static and typical surface appearance--rather than the dynamic concretization in action and speech known as 'pathognomics'--was key to uncovering human essence, Lavater's initiative also spawned attempts to place physiognomic theories on a more scientific and empirical basis through the phrenology and cranioscopy of Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1829) and Carl Gustav Carus (1789-1869).