periwinkle

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Related to Creeping myrtle: creeping Jenny, creeping Charlie, Creeping Phlox

per·i·win·kle 1

 (pĕr′ĭ-wĭng′kəl)
n.
1. Any of various marine snails of the family Littorinidae, having thick, cone-shaped, whorled shells, especially Littorina littorea, an edible species of the North Atlantic Ocean.
2. The shell or the flesh of any of these snails.

[Early Modern English, perhaps from alteration (possibly influenced by pervinkle, periwinkle (plant)) of an unattested Middle English reflex of Old English winewincle : Old English wine-, of unknown meaning (perhaps from alteration of Latin pīna, a kind of bivalve mollusk, from Greek pīnē, of unknown origin) + Old English -wincel, shellfish (perhaps ultimately (in reference to the shape of snail shells) from Germanic *wenk-, to move sideways, also the source of Old English wincel, corner, and wincian, wink (originally, "to bend the eyelids"), and German wanken, to waver).]

per·i·win·kle 2

 (pĕr′ĭ-wĭng′kəl)
n.
1. Any of several shrubby, trailing, evergreen plants of the genus Vinca, especially V. minor, having glossy, dark green, opposite leaves and flowers with a blue, funnel-shaped corolla.
2. Any of several erect herbs of the genus Catharanthus, especially C. roseus, having flowers with a rose-pink or white salverform corolla and a closed throat.
3. A pale purplish blue.

[Middle English pervinkle, diminutive of pervinke, from Old English pervince, from Late Latin (vinca) pervinca, alteration (perhaps influenced by Latin pervincere, to conquer completely) of Latin vicapervica, perhaps originally a magical verbal formula (the use of the periwinkle in magical rituals being known later from medieval European traditions), perhaps akin to pervicus, stubborn (per-, intensive pref.; see per- + vincere, vic-, to conquer; see victor) or to vincīre, to bind together, hold fast, and vicia, vetch; see vetch.]

periwinkle

(ˈpɛrɪˌwɪŋkəl)
n
(Animals) any of various edible marine gastropods of the genus Littorina, esp L. littorea, having a spirally coiled shell. Often shortened to: winkle
[C16: of unknown origin]

periwinkle

(ˈpɛrɪˌwɪŋkəl)
n
1. (Plants) Also called (US): creeping myrtle or trailing myrtle any of several Eurasian apocynaceous evergreen plants of the genus Vinca, such as V. minor (lesser periwinkle) and V. major (greater periwinkle), having trailing stems and blue flowers
2. (Colours)
a. a light purplish-blue colour
b. (as adjective): a periwinkle coat.
[C14 pervenke, from Old English perwince, from Late Latin pervinca]

per•i•win•kle1

(ˈpɛr ɪˌwɪŋ kəl)

n.
any of various small gastropod mollusks of the family Littorinidae, of intertidal waters.
[1520–30; perhaps reflecting (through assimilation to periwinkle2) Old English pīnewincle=pīne (< Latin pīna < Greek pîna, variant of pínna kind of mollusk) + wincle, c. dial. Dan vinkel snail shell]

per•i•win•kle2

(ˈpɛr ɪˌwɪŋ kəl)

n.
any plant of the genus Vinca, of the dogbane family, esp. V. minor, having glossy evergreen foliage and usu. blue-violet flowers.
Also called myrtle.
[before 1000; earlier pervinkle, perwinkle, alter. (see -le) of Middle English perwinke, pervinke < Anglo-French pervenke (Old French pervenche) < Late Latin pervinca, Latin vi(n)capervi(n)ca; compare Old English peruince, Middle High German ber(e)winke < Late Latin]
per′i•win`kled, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.periwinkle - chiefly trailing poisonous plants with blue flowersperiwinkle - chiefly trailing poisonous plants with blue flowers
genus Vinca, Vinca - periwinkles: low creeping evergreen perennials
myrtle, Vinca minor - widely cultivated as a groundcover for its dark green shiny leaves and usually blue-violet flowers
large periwinkle, Vinca major - plant having variegated foliage and used for window boxes
subshrub, suffrutex - low-growing woody shrub or perennial with woody base
2.periwinkle - commonly cultivated Old World woody herb having large pinkish to red flowersperiwinkle - commonly cultivated Old World woody herb having large pinkish to red flowers
Catharanthus, genus Catharanthus - small genus of erect annual or perennial herbs native to Madagascar; widely naturalized in the tropics; formerly included in genus Vinca
herb, herbaceous plant - a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal properties; some are pests
3.periwinkle - small edible marine snail; steamed in wine or baked
winkle, periwinkle - edible marine gastropod
seafood - edible fish (broadly including freshwater fish) or shellfish or roe etc
4.periwinkle - edible marine gastropod
seasnail - any of several creeping marine gastropods with a spirally coiled shell: whelks; tritons; moon shells; neritids
genus Littorina, Littorina - type genus of the family Littorinidae: periwinkles
winkle, periwinkle - small edible marine snail; steamed in wine or baked
Translations
حَلَزون أو قَوْقَع البَحر
barvínekbrčál
vintergrøn
hitabeltisjurthörpulauf
žiemė
kapmirte
zimozeleň
Cezayir menekşesi

periwinkle

[ˈperɪˌwɪŋkl] N (Bot) → vincapervinca f (Zool) → caracol m de mar, bígaro m

periwinkle

n (Bot) → Immergrün nt; (Zool) → Strandschnecke f

periwinkle

1 [ˈpɛrɪˌwɪŋkl] n (Bot) → pervinca

periwinkle

2 [ˈpɛrɪˌwɪŋkl] n (Zool) → littorina

periwinkle

(ˈperiwiŋkl) noun
a blue-flowered trailing plant.
References in periodicals archive ?
Such a ground cover would have to be tall and not too dense, such as ivy geranium, creeping myrtle (Vinca Major) or coral bells (Heuchera).