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Crom·well(krŏm′wĕl′, -wəl, krŭm′-), Oliver 1599-1658.
English military, political, and religious figure who led the Parliamentarian victory in the English Civil War (1642-1649) and called for the execution of Charles I. As lord protector of England (1653-1658) he ruled as a virtual dictator. His son Richard (1626-1712) succeeded him briefly as lord protector (1658-1659) before the restoration of the monarchy under Charles II.
Cromwell, Thomas Earl of Essex. 1485?-1540.
English politician who proposed the legislation that established the monarch as head of the established church (1534).
1. (Biography) Oliver. 1599–1658, English general and statesman. A convinced Puritan, he was an effective leader of the parliamentary army in the Civil War. After the execution of Charles I he quelled the Royalists in Scotland and Ireland, and became Lord Protector of the Commonwealth (1653–58)
2. (Biography) his son, Richard. 1626–1712, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth (1658–59)
3. (Biography) Thomas,Earl of Essex. ?1485–1540, English statesman. He was secretary to Cardinal Wolsey (1514), after whose fall he became chief adviser to Henry VIII. He drafted most of the Reformation legislation, securing its passage through parliament, the power of which he thereby greatly enhanced. He was executed after losing Henry's favour
Cromwellian adj, n
Crom•well(ˈkrɒm wəl, -wɛl, ˈkrʌm-)
1. Oliver, 1599–1658, English general and statesman: Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland 1653–58.
2. his son, Richard, 1626–1712, Lord Protector of England 1658–59.
3. Thomas, Earl of Essex, 1485?–1540, English statesman.