, and the magnificent proprietress of the Pineries, Fulham, who gave summer dejeuners frequented by Dukes and Earls, and drove about the parish with magnificent yellow liveries and bay horses, such as the royal stables at Kensington themselves could not turn out--I say had she been Mrs.
Hayden rightly emphasizes the positive contributions of priors like William Bowry at the turn of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, who brought spiritual reform and physical reconstruction, rather than simply recounting the sometimes lurid stories generated by government propaganda of the 1530s (a senior Crutched friar caught in bed with a mistress, blackmail, slander, and so on).
Crutched Friars and Croisiers: The Canons Regular of the Order of the Holy Cross in England and France, by J.
The precise title of Hayden's book then becomes clear: in chapter two he reconstructs the history of the English Crutched friars between the 1240s and 1538, while in chapter three he tackles the rather longer history of the French Croisiers between the 1250s and 1791.
Registered office: 6 Crutched Friars
, London EC3N 2PH.
LIA, which manages $65bn, according to the Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute, also owns some London properties bought in the 1990s, such as Jardine House, on Crutched Friars
, in the City, according to Grey.
FENCHURCH COLONY WINE BAR 14 New London St, off Crutched Friars
(0171 481 0848) Tower Hill/Fenchurch tube.
Significantly less has been discovered about London's Crutched Friars than the Paris Crosiers.
In general, the Crutched Friars settled down to an ordinary, if undistinguished, existence.
After I had published my first article on the Crutched Friars in 1964, Dom Knowles, the then preeminent student of medieval English religious orders, accepted my finding that they were not friars and modified the second edition of Medieval Religious Houses, England and Wales.
Finally, study of the Crutched Friars provides insights into the differing fate of members of international and national religious orders during the reign of Henry VIII.