A rare genotype of Cryptococcus gattii
caused the cryptococcosis outbreak on Vancouver Island (British Columbia, Canada).
, formerly known as Cryptococcus neoformans var gattii, is being investigated because of its quick emergence, expanding ecological niche in the United States, and increased virulence.
Other projects to be funded as part of this initiative include a clinical trial of a new vaccine to prevent malaria; a long-term follow-up study of patients treated for Cryptococcus gattii
, an airborne fungus that can cause severe, sometimes fatal respiratory infections; and a clinical trial of a new drug treatment to prevent relapse in a form of childhood leukemia.
Scientists interbred different strains of the Cryptococcus gattii
fungus to test how easily the characteristics can transfer to other strains.
The 80-page workshop overview is followed by 21 contributed papers on such topics as the emergence of Cryptococcus gattii
in British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest, surveillance for emerging diseases in wildlife, putting yellow rust into the perspective of the increased risk of global wheat rust pandemics, similarities and differences in fungal pathogenesis in plants and animals, the effect of the trade-mediated spread of amphibian chytrid on amphibian conservation, and the pan-European distribution of the bat white-nose
14-18) The etiologic agent of cryptococcosis is now classified into 2 species, C neoformans (serotypes A and D) and Cryptococcus gattii
(serotypes B and C).
But the fungus, called cryptococcus gattii
, is real, and it's here, afflicting a handful of Oregonians in recent years.
Experimental and Natural Evolution of the Cryptococcus Neoformans and Cryptococcus Gattii
Consensus multi-locus sequence typing scheme for Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii
ATLANTA -- Cryptococcus gattii
, a fungal pathogen previously found only in tropical and subtropical areas, is emerging as a serious infection in the Pacific Northwestern United States, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Cryptococcosis is a potentially fatal infection of the lungs and/or central nervous system caused by inhalation and infection from Cryptococcus gattii
, normally found in the bark of eucalyptus trees in Australia and other tropical zones, was named by a University of British Columbia (UBC) scientist who played a central role in the search for a disease that, since 1999, has killed eight people and infected 163, as well as many animals.