absorption spectrum

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absorption spectrum

n.
The electromagnetic spectrum, broken by a specific pattern of dark lines or bands, observed when radiation traverses a particular absorbing medium and through a spectroscope. The absorption pattern of an element is unique and can be used to identify the substance of the medium.

absorption spectrum

n
(General Physics) the characteristic pattern of dark lines or bands that occurs when electromagnetic radiation is passed through an absorbing medium into a spectroscope. An equivalent pattern occurs as coloured lines or bands in the emission spectrum of that medium

absorp′tion spec`trum


n.
the spectrum formed by electromagnetic radiation that has passed through a medium in which radiation of certain frequencies is absorbed.
[1875–80]

absorption spectrum

The pattern of dark lines and colors made when light passes through an absorbing medium, such as a gas or liquid. The dark lines represent the colors that are absorbed. Because each type of atom absorbs a unique range of colors, the absorption spectrum can be used to identify the composition of distant substances, such as the gaseous outer layers of stars.
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Noun1.absorption spectrum - the spectrum of electromagnetic radiation that has passed through a medium that absorbed radiation of certain wavelengthsabsorption spectrum - the spectrum of electromagnetic radiation that has passed through a medium that absorbed radiation of certain wavelengths
spectrum - an ordered array of the components of an emission or wave